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An overview of effects of COVID-19 on mobility and lifestyle: 18 months since the outbreak


  • André de Palma
  • Shaghayegh Vosough
  • Feixiong Liao

    (Université de Cergy-Pontoise, THEMA)


The outbreak of SARS-COV-2 has led to the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 and caused over 4.5 million deaths worldwide by September 2021. Besides the public health crisis, COVID-19 affected the global economy and development significantly. It also led to changes in people’s mobility and lifestyle during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to short-term changes, the drastic transformation of the world may account for the potentially disruptive long-term impacts. Recognizing the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic is crucial in mitigating the negative behavioral changes that directly relate to people’s psychological and social well-being. It is important to stress that citizens and governments face an uncertain situation since nobody knows exactly how the viruses and cures will develop. Better understanding uncertainties and evaluating behavioral changes contribute to addressing the future of urban development, public transportation, and behavioral strategies to tackle COVID-19 negative consequences. The major sources of impacts on short-term (route, departure time, mode, teleshopping, and teleworking) and medium and long-term (car ownership, work location, choice of job, and residential location) mobility decisions are mostly reviewed and discussed in this paper.

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  • André de Palma & Shaghayegh Vosough & Feixiong Liao, 2022. "An overview of effects of COVID-19 on mobility and lifestyle: 18 months since the outbreak," THEMA Working Papers 2022-04, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  • Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2022-04

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    2. Semple, Torran & Fonzone, Achille & Fountas, Grigorios & Downey, Lucy, 2023. "An empirical analysis of the factors influencing Scottish residents’ compliance with COVID-19 travel restrictions," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 178(C).
    3. Saxena, Aditya & Gupta, Vallary, 2023. "Carpooling: Who is closest to adopting it? An investigation into the potential car-poolers among private vehicle users: A case of a developing country, India," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 11-20.
    4. Niu, Zhipeng & Hu, Xiaowei & Fatmi, Mahmudur & Qi, Shouming & Wang, Siqing & Yang, Haihua & An, Shi, 2023. "Parking occupancy prediction under COVID-19 anti-pandemic policies: A model based on a policy-aware temporal convolutional network," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 176(C).
    5. Wojciech Kazimierz Szczepanek & Maciej Kruszyna, 2022. "The Impact of COVID-19 on the Choice of Transport Means in Journeys to Work Based on the Selected Example from Poland," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(13), pages 1-9, June.
    6. Oluwayemi-Oniya Aderibigbe & Trynos Gumbo, 2022. "Variations in Mode Choice of Residents Prior and during COVID-19: An Empirical Evidence from Johannesburg, South Africa," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(24), pages 1-18, December.
    7. Takahiro Yabe & Bernardo García Bulle Bueno & Xiaowen Dong & Alex Pentland & Esteban Moro, 2023. "Behavioral changes during the COVID-19 pandemic decreased income diversity of urban encounters," Nature Communications, Nature, vol. 14(1), pages 1-10, December.
    8. Marcin Zieliński & Marcin Dębowski & Joanna Kazimierowicz & Izabela Świca, 2023. "Microalgal Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) Capture and Utilization from the European Union Perspective," Energies, MDPI, vol. 16(3), pages 1-27, February.
    9. Hadi Alizadeh & Ayyoob Sharifi & Safiyeh Damanbagh & Hadi Nazarnia & Mohammad Nazarnia, 2023. "Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the social sphere and lessons for crisis management: a literature review," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 117(3), pages 2139-2164, July.
    10. Giuseppe Cantisani & Maria Vittoria Corazza & Paola Di Mascio & Laura Moretti, 2023. "Eight Traffic Calming “Easy Pieces” to Shape the Everyday Pedestrian Realm," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(10), pages 1-22, May.
    11. Chen, Ruoyu & Zhang, Min & Zhou, Jiangping, 2023. "Jobs-housing relationships before and amid COVID-19: An excess-commuting approach," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 106(C).
    12. Atsushi Watabe & Alice Marie Yamabe-Ledoux, 2023. "Low-Carbon Lifestyles beyond Decarbonisation: Toward a More Creative Use of the Carbon Footprinting Method," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(5), pages 1-28, March.
    13. Almudena Sanjurjo-de-No & Ana María Pérez-Zuriaga & Alfredo García, 2023. "Factors Influencing the Pedestrian Injury Severity of Micromobility Crashes," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(19), pages 1-17, September.
    14. Xi, Haoning & Li, Qin & Hensher, David A. & Nelson, John D. & Ho, Chinh, 2023. "Quantifying the impact of COVID-19 on travel behavior in different socio-economic segments," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 136(C), pages 98-112.

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    More about this item


    COVID-19 effects; mobility; lifestyle; teleworking; residential location;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • R4 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics

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