Regional Specialization And Location Of Industrial Activity In Turkey
The aim of this study is to determine where the Turkish manufacturing industry tend to concentrate and by finding out the direction of this tendency to provide a ground in order to contribute to the realizations of regional policies of Turkey. Turkey’s regions are examined within the context of regional specialization and concentration. Regional specialization and concentration are measured by the Location Quotient Index (LQ) that can be computed at the regional level (NUTS 2). There are 26 NUTS 2 level in Turkey. Using employment data at 4 Digit ISIC Rev.3 codes, regional high point industries is identified, where industries account for at least over 0.2 percent of the regional workforce and which are at least 25 % more concentrated than average (LQ> 1.25). Consequently, changes in LQ are measured for high point manufacturing industries. These high point industries are then grouped to form the basis of a cluster. Focusing on industry clusters that gives all regions of Turkey a comparative advantage will help to create sustainable regional development policies.
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