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Regional Specialization And Location Of Industrial Activity In Turkey


  • Ayten Aysen Kaya

    () (Department of Economics, Ege University)


The aim of this study is to determine where the Turkish manufacturing industry tend to concentrate and by finding out the direction of this tendency to provide a ground in order to contribute to the realizations of regional policies of Turkey. Turkey’s regions are examined within the context of regional specialization and concentration. Regional specialization and concentration are measured by the Location Quotient Index (LQ) that can be computed at the regional level (NUTS 2). There are 26 NUTS 2 level in Turkey. Using employment data at 4 Digit ISIC Rev.3 codes, regional high point industries is identified, where industries account for at least over 0.2 percent of the regional workforce and which are at least 25 % more concentrated than average (LQ> 1.25). Consequently, changes in LQ are measured for high point manufacturing industries. These high point industries are then grouped to form the basis of a cluster. Focusing on industry clusters that gives all regions of Turkey a comparative advantage will help to create sustainable regional development policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Ayten Aysen Kaya, 2006. "Regional Specialization And Location Of Industrial Activity In Turkey," Working Papers 0606, Ege University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ege:wpaper:0606

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cristiano Antonelli, 2003. "Knowledge Complementarity and Fungeability: Implications for Regional Strategy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6-7), pages 595-606.
    2. Martin, Ron, 1999. "The New 'Geographical Turn' in Economics: Some Critical Reflections," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(1), pages 65-91, January.
    3. Cooke, Philip, 2001. "Regional Innovation Systems, Clusters, and the Knowledge Economy," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(4), pages 945-974, December.
    4. Elisenda Paluzie & Jordi Pons & Daniel Tirado, 2001. "Regional Integration and Specialization Patterns in Spain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 285-296.
    5. Nese Kumral & Cagacan Deger, 2004. "High Point Industries of The Aegean Region of Turkey," Ege Academic Review, Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 4(1), pages 14-30.
    6. Alberto Di Minin, 2003. "Regions in the global knowledge economy," Working Papers 200302, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa, Istituto di Management.
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    More about this item


    regional specialization; regional concentration; industrial cluster; Location Quotient Index;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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