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El cobre chileno y la política minera

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  • Patricio Meller

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Abstract

En este artículo se proporciona una breve síntesis histórica de este tema para conectar la discusión presente con la del pasado. En la primera parte hay una revisión compacta del debate histórico. Esto incluye la interrogante permanente sobre la importancia del cobre para Chile; esto se complementa con las estadísticas pertinentes sobre el rol del cobre en la economía chilena. Esta primera parte finaliza con una descripción de los elementos tradicionales que han dominado la discusión sobre política minera durante gran parte del siglo XX. En la segunda parte de este artículo se analizan los tópicos centrales del debate actual sobre política minera. Estos incluyen la "maldición" de los recursos naturales, la discusión sobre la segunda fase exportadora, el debate sobre la "sobre-expansión" de producción de cobre chileno y la hipótesis del "autogol", los dilemas asociados a la coexistencia de empresas privadas y estatales en el cobre (que incluye una comparación de los aportes tributarios de ambos tipos de empresas) y la incertidumbre existente respecto a la demanda futura de cobre.

Suggested Citation

  • Patricio Meller, 2002. "El cobre chileno y la política minera," Documentos de Trabajo 142, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:142
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    File URL: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~cea/sitedev/cea/www/download.php?file=documentos_trabajo/ASOCFILE120030326143439.PDF
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ramos, Joseph, 1998. "Una estrategia de desarrollo a partir de los complejos productivos en torno a los recursos naturales," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
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    Cited by:

    1. José De Gregorio, 2005. "Sustained Growth in Latin America," Economic Policy Papers Central Bank of Chile 13, Central Bank of Chile.
    2. Jose De Gregorio, 2006. "Economic Growth in Latin America: From the Disappointment of the Twentieth Century to the Challenges of the Twenty-First," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 377, Central Bank of Chile.

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