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El cobre chileno y la política minera

Listed author(s):
  • Patricio Meller

    ()

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    En este artículo se proporciona una breve síntesis histórica de este tema para conectar la discusión presente con la del pasado. En la primera parte hay una revisión compacta del debate histórico. Esto incluye la interrogante permanente sobre la importancia del cobre para Chile; esto se complementa con las estadísticas pertinentes sobre el rol del cobre en la economía chilena. Esta primera parte finaliza con una descripción de los elementos tradicionales que han dominado la discusión sobre política minera durante gran parte del siglo XX. En la segunda parte de este artículo se analizan los tópicos centrales del debate actual sobre política minera. Estos incluyen la "maldición" de los recursos naturales, la discusión sobre la segunda fase exportadora, el debate sobre la "sobre-expansión" de producción de cobre chileno y la hipótesis del "autogol", los dilemas asociados a la coexistencia de empresas privadas y estatales en el cobre (que incluye una comparación de los aportes tributarios de ambos tipos de empresas) y la incertidumbre existente respecto a la demanda futura de cobre.

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    File URL: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~cea/sitedev/cea/www/download.php?file=documentos_trabajo/ASOCFILE120030326143439.PDF
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    Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 142.

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    Date of creation: 2002
    Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:142
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/cea/

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    1. Ramos, Joseph, 1998. "Una estrategia de desarrollo a partir de los complejos productivos en torno a los recursos naturales," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
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