Taking a New Contour: A Novel View on Unit Root Test
In this paper we introduce a new view on the distributions of unit root tests. Taking a contour given by the fixed sum of squares instead of the fixed sample size, we show that the null distributions of most commonly used unit root tests such as the ones by Dickey-Fuller (1979, 1981) and Phillips (1987) are normal in large samples. The normal asymptotics along the new contour continue to hold under the local-to-unity alternatives, in which case the tests have normal limit distributions with mean given by the product of the square root of the level of the contour and the locality parameter. Our results are derived for the general unit root models with innovations satisfying the functional central limit theory that is routinely employed to obtain the unit root asymptotics. Moreover, the new asymptotics are shown to be applicable also for the models with deterministic components, as long as they are removed recursively by using only the past information.
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