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Part-Time work: Its evolution and results


  • Gomez, Sandalio

    () (IESE Business School)

  • Pons, Celia

    (IESE Business School)

  • Marti, Carlos

    () (IESE Business School)


This research paper analyses the characteristics of part-time work and its development in Europe. Special attention is given to Spain, where part-time work has not yet become fully established, as only 8% of the Spanish labour force are part-timers, as opposed to an average of 17% in Europe as a whole. The main reasons for the growth of part-time employment in Europe are discussed, including: the increasing labour market participation of women (more than a third of the women in employment in Europe work part-time); the drive towards a more flexible organization of work in industry; and the growth of the service sector, which currently accounts for 75% of all part-time workers in OECD countries. Some of the factors that have hindered the development of part-time work in Spain are highlighted, including: changes in the definition of part-time employment that have affected the relevant legal regulations; the level of earnings; employment security; lower expectations of career growth; the prevalence of temporary contracts; and the prevailing business culture.

Suggested Citation

  • Gomez, Sandalio & Pons, Celia & Marti, Carlos, 2002. "Part-Time work: Its evolution and results," IESE Research Papers D/476, IESE Business School.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0476

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    Cited by:

    1. Josef Meichenitsch, 2005. "Kritische Betrachtung der Elternteilzeit in Österreich," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 31(2), pages 271-280.
    2. Síle O'Dorchai & Robert Plasman & François Rycx, 2007. "The part-time wage penalty in European countries: how large is it for men?," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 28(7), pages 571-603, October.

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    Part-time; flexibility; employment;

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