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A qualitative analysis of the role of paid and unpaid jobs in a lowest low fertility context: The puzzling intention for a second child


  • Laura Cavalli


Over recent decades the family formation process radically changed in Europe. Even though similar trends have been observed across the continent there are still important differences between countries. Using the theoretical approach and conceptual definitions given by Ajzenís (1991) theory of planned behavior without applying its empirical model, the main focus of the present paper is on the way in which paid job and unpaid work and womenís attitudes towards them influence the decision to have a second child. The study uses a qualitative approach, by means of the investigation of in-depth interviews with 27 women in reproductive ages in Cagliari, one of the lowest-low fertility contexts in Italy, itself a lowest-low fertility country. Mothers were divided into six different groups on the basis of their intentions to have a second child. The results demonstrate that the theoretical framework is able to highlight substantial differences in attitudes and perceived behavioural controls among the women with different intentions for childbearing.

Suggested Citation

  • Laura Cavalli, 2011. "A qualitative analysis of the role of paid and unpaid jobs in a lowest low fertility context: The puzzling intention for a second child," Working Papers 047, "Carlo F. Dondena" Centre for Research on Social Dynamics (DONDENA), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi.
  • Handle: RePEc:don:donwpa:047

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    Cited by:

    1. Jane Klobas, 2011. "The Theory of Planned Behaviour as a model of reasoning about fertility decisions," Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna, vol. 9(1), pages 47-54.

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    fertility intentions; second birth; paid work; unpaid jobs; theory of planned behavior; qualitative research methods;

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