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Trade Specialisation and Economic Convergence: Evidence from Two Eastern European Countries

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  • Guglielmo Maria Caporale
  • Christophe Rault
  • Robert Sova
  • Anamaria Sova

Abstract

This paper analyses trade specialisation dynamics in two Eastern European countries (Romania and Bulgaria - EEC-2) vis-à-vis the core EU member states (EU-15) over the period 1990-2006. Specifically, we focus on whether there is a shift towards intra-industry trade leading to economic convergence and technological catch-up. We use recently developed static (FEM, REM and FEVD) and dynamic (GMM) panel data methods which take into account possible heterogeneity. Our empirical results indicate that intra-industry trade has indeed increased, but it is of the vertical rather than the horizontal type, resulting in complementary rather than competitive production patterns.

Suggested Citation

  • Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Christophe Rault & Robert Sova & Anamaria Sova, 2009. "Trade Specialisation and Economic Convergence: Evidence from Two Eastern European Countries," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 875, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp875
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dumitru Miron & Alina Mihaela Dima & Simona Vasilache, 2010. "Models Of The Intra-Regional Trade Influence On Economic Sustainable Development In Romania," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 12(27), pages 27-35, February.
    2. Safet KURTOVIC & Blerim HALILI & Nehat MAXHUNI, 2017. "The effect of preferential tariffs of the EU: Some evidence from B&H," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, KSP Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 247-262, September.
    3. Marius-Razvan Surugiu & Camelia Surugiu, 2012. "Intra-industry trade in Romania: analysis of the automobile parts and accessories sector," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1/2), pages 166-179.
    4. Fahimifard , Seyed Mohammad, 2013. "Studying Iranian Economic Integration with OIC Members Using Gravity Model," Journal of Money and Economy, Monetary and Banking Research Institute, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, vol. 8(1), pages 169-181, January.
    5. Kurtovic, Safet & Halili, Blerim & Maxhuni, Nehat, 2016. "Liberalization of Trade with Leading Trade Partners: Some Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina," MPRA Paper 75053, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 04 Nov 2016.
    6. Eleonora Cavallaro & Piero Esposito & Alessia Matano & Marcella Mulino, 2013. "Technological Catching Up, Quality of Exports, and Competitiveness: A Sectoral Perspective," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(6), pages 4-21, November.
    7. Irena Aokić & Zlatan Fröhlich & Ivana Rašić Bakarić, 2016. "The impact of the economic crisis on regional disparities in Croatia," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 9(1), pages 179-195.
    8. Nuno Carlos LEITÃO & Marius-Razvan SURUGIU & Camelia SURUGIU, 2014. "Romanian intra-industry trade: a panel data approach," EuroEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 2(33), pages 7-18, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gravity models; panel data models; trade specialisation; comparative advantage;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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