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On state autonomy : pressure groups and public policy in Britain and Spain in a comparative perspective, 1830s-1930s

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  • Rojo Cagigal, Juan Carlos

Abstract

The paper looks into the relationship between industrial pressure groups and the state, comparing the experiences of Britain and Spain during the 19th and the first third of the 20th century. By analysing the decision-making processes, the collective action of economic groups and the adoption of public policy, I argue that they shared a common pattern: both states were basically autonomous facing the pressure of organized economic interests. I explore some of the causes that could explain such a similar pattern in countries with a very different model of development and also examine the tensions provoked by the strong autonomy of the state, mainly in the Spanish case. From this work it follows that the role of the state should be re-considered and reevaluated in explaining institutional change in western countries during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Suggested Citation

  • Rojo Cagigal, Juan Carlos, 2008. "On state autonomy : pressure groups and public policy in Britain and Spain in a comparative perspective, 1830s-1930s," IFCS - Working Papers in Economic History.WH wp08-01, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola.
  • Handle: RePEc:cte:whrepe:wp08-01
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    Keywords

    Pressure groups;

    JEL classification:

    • N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913

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