IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/cre/uqamwp/20-13.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Endogénéisation des externalités de recherche: le rôle de la capacité d'émission des connaissances

Author

Abstract

Cette contribution s'intéresse à la capacité d'émission des connaissances des firmes. En effet, les externalités de connaissance, considérées comme exogènes par la théorie classique, sont en fait maîtrisables par les firmes. Or ces dernières loin de vouloir toujours garder le secret choisissent parfois de révéler à leurs concurrents certaines de leurs connaissances les plus importantes. Après avoir passé en revue plusieurs explications de telles pratiques, il est suggéré que la diffusion volontaire de connaissance, en permettant à l'émetteur de se signaler, est un moyen d'intégrer des réseaux d'innovation, ceci dans le but de profiter des connaissances qui circulent à l'intérieur de ces réseaux. En effet, l'accès à ce type de réseau de production de connaissance engendre d'importants coûts provenant notamment des problèmes de localisation des partenaires potentiels et des asymétries d'information. De ce fait, l'émission volontaire de connaissance facilite, selon nous, l'accès à ces réseaux d'innovation et permet ainsi à l'émetteur d'accroître son stock de connaissances absorbables. This paper is an introduction to what we call the firm's knowledge emission capability. We first point out the main differences between the traditional view of knowledge spillovers and a more evolutionary view, where spillovers are considered as endogenous. Firms have the ability to hold their new knowledge secret during very long spells of time. However, they often decide to freely reveal some parts of this knowledge. Our goal is first to explain the motivation of such apparently non rational behavior. Then we focus on a more precise point, that is: Knowledge revealing as a strategy to join innovation networks. Indeed, important technological knowledge usually flows within networks and if outsiders want to have an access to this knowledge, they must enter the network. Thus, in order to do so, they may be induced to reveal some of their knowledge to send a signal to the insiders.

Suggested Citation

  • Julien Pénin, 2002. "Endogénéisation des externalités de recherche: le rôle de la capacité d'émission des connaissances," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM 20-13, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:cre:uqamwp:20-13
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Other versions of this item:

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Julien PENIN, 2005. "Open knowledge disclosure, incomplete information and collective innovations," Working Papers of BETA 2005-10, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    2. Penin, Julien, 2005. "Patents versus ex post rewards: A new look," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 641-656, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Externalités de connaissance; émission volontaire; réseau d'innovation; coopération en R&D - knowledge spillovers; voluntary emission; innovation network; R&D cooperation;

    JEL classification:

    • L0 - Industrial Organization - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cre:uqamwp:20-13. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stéphane Pallage). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/duqamca.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.