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De J.R. à John ou les métamorphoses de Hicks: éléments de biographie intellectuelle

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Hicks a écrit qu’il y avait deux Hicks, un oncle J. R., et son neveu, John. Le neveu, non-néoclassique, n’est pas fier des oeuvres de son oncle néoclassique. Ce texte propose une biographie intellectuelle de Hicks depuis le début de sa carrière jusqu’à la publication, en 1939, de Valeur et capital, sans doute son oeuvre la plus célèbre et la plus influente. Nous analysons cette évolution à la lumière des commentaires ultérieurs de John sur l’oeuvre de J.R. Les métamorphoses de Hicks sont complexes et enchevêtrées, le neveu renouant parfois avec certaines thèses mises en avant par l’oncle au début de sa carrière. Ce texte, où sont évoquées les relations de notre auteur avec Hayek, Myrdal et Keynes, est aussi une contribution à l’analyse des débats théoriques de l’entre-deux-guerres. Hicks once wrote that there were two Hicks, an uncle, J.R., and a nephew, John. The non-neoclassical nephew is quite disrespectful towards his neoclassical uncle’s work. This paper offers an intellectual biography of Hicks from the beginning of his career until the publication, in 1939, of Value and capital, probably his most famous and influential work. We examine this evolution in the light of John’s later comments on J.R.’s works. Hicks’s metamorphoses are complex and entangled, with the nephew sometimes taking up ideas advanced by the uncle at the beginning of his career. Drawing on Hick’s relations with Hayek, Myrdal and Keynes, the paper is a contribution to the analyses of the inter-war theoretical debates.

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Paper provided by Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques in its series Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM with number 20-08.

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Length: 27
Date of creation: May 2001
Publication status: published in Cahiers d'économie politique, 39 (automne 2001)
Handle: RePEc:cre:uqamwp:20-08
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  1. Hicks, J. R., 1979. "Critical Essays in Monetary Theory," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284239.
  2. Hicks, John R [Sir], 1975. "Revival of Political Economy: The Old and the New," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 51(135), pages 365-367, September.
  3. Hicks, John, 1990. "The Unification of Macro-economics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 100(401), pages 528-538, June.
  4. Hicks, John, 1977. "Economic Perspectives: Further Essays on Money and Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284079.
  5. Baumol, William J, 1990. "Sir John versus the Hicksians, or Theorist Malgre Lui?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 28(4), pages 1708-1715, December.
  6. Dostaler, Gilles, 1990. "An Assessment of Gunnar Myrdal's Early Work in Economics," Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(02), pages 196-221, September.
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