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Top Indian Incomes, 1956-2000

Author

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  • Banerjee, Abhijit
  • Piketty, Thomas

Abstract

This Paper presents data on the evolution of top incomes and wages from 1956 to 2000 in India using individual tax returns data. Our data shows that the shares of the top 0.01%, the top 0.1% and the top 1% in total income shrank very substantially until the early-to-mid 1980s, but then went back up again, so that today these shares are only slightly below what they were in 1956. We argue that this U-shaped pattern is broadly consistent with the evolution of economic policy in India - the period from 1956 to the early-to-mid 1980s was also the period of ‘socialist’ policies in India, while the subsequent period, starting with the rise of Rajiv Gandhi, saw a gradual shift towards more pro-business policies. Although the initial share of this group was small, the fact that the rich were getting richer had a non-trivial impact on the overall income distribution. In particular, its impact is not large enough to fully explain the gap between average consumption growth in survey-based NSS data and the National accounts-based NAS data, but is sufficiently large to explain a non-negligible part of it (between 20% and 40%).

Suggested Citation

  • Banerjee, Abhijit & Piketty, Thomas, 2002. "Top Indian Incomes, 1956-2000," CEPR Discussion Papers 4137, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4137
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    Cited by:

    1. Basu, Kaushik, 2006. "Globalization, poverty, and inequality: What is the relationship? What can be done?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1361-1373, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    income distribution;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • N34 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: 1913-

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