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Factor Endowments and Production in European Regions

  • Redding, Stephen J.
  • Vera-Martin, Mercedes

This Paper analyses patterns of production across 14 industries in 45 regions from seven European countries since 1975. We estimate a structural equation derived directly from neoclassical trade theory that relates an industry’s share of a region’s GDP to factor endowments, relative prices and technology. Although factor endowments play a statistically significant and quantitatively important role in explaining production patterns, the Heckscher-Ohlin model is rejected against more general alternatives that allow for regional variation in relative prices and technology. Factor endowments are more successful at explaining patterns of production in aggregate industries (Agriculture, Manufacturing, Services) than in disaggregated industries within Manufacturing.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 3755.

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Date of creation: Feb 2003
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3755
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  10. Bernstein, Jeffrey R. & Weinstein, David E., 2002. "Do endowments predict the location of production?: Evidence from national and international data," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 55-76, January.
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  13. Gordon H. Hanson & Matthew J. Slaughter, 1999. "The Rybczynski Theorem, Factor-Price Equalization, and Immigration: Evidence from U.S. States," NBER Working Papers 7074, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  18. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-52, Special I.
  19. Neil Gandal & Gordon H. Hanson & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2000. "Technology, Trade, and Adjustment to Immigration in Israel," NBER Working Papers 7962, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  20. Nickell, Stephen & Bell, Brian, 1996. "Changes in the Distribution of Wages and Unemployment in OECD Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 302-08, May.
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  25. Harrigan, James, 1995. "Factor endowments and the international location of production: Econometric evidence for the OECD, 1970-1985," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 123-141, August.
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  27. Leamer, Edward E, 1980. "The Leontief Paradox, Reconsidered," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(3), pages 495-503, June.
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