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Formation et régimes de croissance dans cinq économies de l'ocde

  • Caroli, Eve

Nous proposons, dans cet article, une analyse formelle de la relation formation-croissance dans cinq économies de l'OCDE, fondée sur la notion de qualifications intermédiaires et intégrant la forte dimension institutionnelle de cette variable. Celle-ci apparaît en effet déterminée par les caractéristiques du rapport de formation, défini comme l'articulation du système national de formation et du rapport salarial. Notre modèle, d'inspiration kaldorienne, met dans un premier temps en évidence l'impact positif d'un rapport de formation efficient sur le rythme de la croissance et ce, dans l'ensemble des cinq économies considérées. L'analyse détaillée des mécanismes à l'oeuvre au sein du modèle permet, par ailleurs, de caractériser les régimes de croissance dans les différents pays. Dans un second temps, l'utilisation du modèle à des fins de prospective nous permet de déterminer l'influence des paramètres de rapport de formation sur les performances de croissances nationales, dans un contexte de changement du paradigme technologique.

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Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) with number 9807.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:9807
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  1. Eve Caroli & Bernardo Huberman & Natalie Glance, 1995. "Formation en entreprise et débauchage de main d'oeuvre aux Etats-Unis : un modèle dynamique d'action collective," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 807-816.
  2. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  3. Azariadis, Costas & Drazen, Allan, 1990. "Threshold Externalities in Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(2), pages 501-26, May.
  4. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B, 1992. "Public versus Private Investment in Human Capital Endogenous Growth and Income Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 818-34, August.
  5. Finegold, David & Soskice, David, 1988. "The Failure of Training in Britain: Analysis and Prescription," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(3), pages 21-53, Autumn.
  6. Mincer, Jacob, 1984. "Human capital and economic growth," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 195-205, June.
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