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Unemployment durations of French young people

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  • D’ADDIO, Anna Christina

    () (CORE and IRES, Department of Economics, Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Louvain la Neuve, Belgium)

Abstract

Using the 1990-1992 wave of the French Labour Force Survey this paper analyzes the effects of different factors on the probability of leaving unemployment of French young people. It also studies duration dependence of the hazard rate while controlling for unobserved heterogeneity separately for men and women. A semi-parametric and two parametric hazard functions have been estimated using grouped duration data. A gamma mixing distribution is used to capture individual unobserved heterogeneity. When the correction for unobserved heterogeneity is not incorporated the model chosen is (for both groups) the Weibull that shows a negative duration dependence. Whenever unobserved heterogeneity is modelled the exponential hazard function (no duration dependence) is retained and again for both populations analyzed. This result seems to suggest that observed true negative duration dependence should be explained more through unobserved heterogeneity than through structural factors, a conclusion to be thought in terms of the mover-stayer paradigm

Suggested Citation

  • D’ADDIO, Anna Christina, 1998. "Unemployment durations of French young people," CORE Discussion Papers 1998051, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:1998051
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    File URL: https://uclouvain.be/en/research-institutes/immaq/core/dp-1998.html
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    Cited by:

    1. Lauer, Charlotte, 2003. "Education and Unemployment: A French-German Comparison," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-34, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Maritza López-Novella, 2003. "Working Paper 16-03 - Effets de certains subsides temporaires à l’embauche : une analyse micro-économique des plans plus et du plan avantage à l’embauche," Working Papers 0316, Federal Planning Bureau, Belgium.
    3. Muriel Dejemeppe & Bart Cockx, 2005. "Duration dependence in the exit rate out of unemployment in Belgium. Is it true or spurious?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 1-23.
    4. V. Vandenberghe, 2000. "Leaving Teaching in the French-Speaking Community of Belgium: A Duration Analysis," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 221-239.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    proportional hazard models; grouped duration data; discrete-time data; unobserved heterogeneity;

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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