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An Extremely Simple Proof of the K-K-M-S Theorem


  • HERINGS , P.Jean-Jacques

    (Department of Economics and IRES, Université catholique de Louvain ( UCL), Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium)


An extremely simple proof of the K-K-M-S Theorem is given involving only Brouwer's fixed point theorem and some elementary calculus. A function is explicitly given such that a fixed point of it yields an intersection point of a balanced collection of sets together with balancing weights. Moreover, any intersection point of a balanced collection of sets together with balancing weights corresponds to a fixed point of the function. Furthermore, the proof can be used to show [pi]balanced versions of the K-K- M-S Theorem, with 1T-balancedness as introduced in Billera (1970). The proof makes clear that the conditions made with respect to [pi] by Billera can be even weakened.

Suggested Citation

  • HERINGS , P.Jean-Jacques, 1996. "An Extremely Simple Proof of the K-K-M-S Theorem," CORE Discussion Papers 1996003, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:1996003

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    Cited by:

    1. Liu, Jiuqiang & Tian, Hai-Yan, 2014. "Existence of fuzzy cores and generalizations of the K–K–M–S theorem," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 148-152.
    2. Herings, P.J.J. & van der Laan, G. & Talman, A.J.J., 2003. "Socially Structured Games and their Applications," Discussion Paper 2003-40, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    3. P. Jean-Jacques Herings & Gerard van der Laan & Dolf Talman, 2000. "Cooperative Games in Graph Structure," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 00-072/1, Tinbergen Institute.
    4. P. Herings & Gerard Laan & Dolf Talman, 2007. "Socially Structured Games," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 62(1), pages 1-29, February.
    5. Azrieli, Yaron & Shmaya, Eran, 2014. "Rental harmony with roommates," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 128-137.
    6. Jean Guillaume Forand & Metin Uyanik, 2017. "Fixed Point Approaches to the Proof of the Bondareva-Shapley Theorem," Working Papers 1706, University of Waterloo, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2017.

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    JEL classification:

    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games


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