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La industria del cannabis medicinal en Colombia

Author

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  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez

    ()

  • Fedesarrollo

    ()

Abstract

La industria mundial de cannabis legal ha tenido un crecimiento acelerado en los últimos años. De acuerdo con información de (JIFE, 2018), la producción mundial de cannabis con fines medicinales subió de 100 toneladas (ton) en 2015 a 406,1 ton en 2017. Al mismo tiempo, se espera que el mercado legal de cannabis a nivel global, estimado en USD 12 mil millones (mm) en 2018, llegue a USD 166 mm en 2025 (Euromonitor International, 2019). En la actualidad, cerca de 30 países han legalizado alguna forma de producción y comercialización del cannabis (en algunos casos incluso con fines recreativos), frente a solo cinco países en 2014, y se espera que muchos otros lo hagan en el futuro próximo (Global Markets - EY Knowledge , 2018). En Colombia hay un camino recorrido que ha situado al país en un lugar preponderante y de gran potencial en el desarrollo de la industria del cannabis medicinal y en su posicionamiento internacional. Tras la aprobación de la ley 1787 de 2016 que crea el marco regulatorio para el acceso al cannabis con fines médicos y científicos y su posterior reglamentación a través del Decreto 613 de 2017, ha habido un gran interés de inversionistas locales e internacionales para participar en el sector, a través de solicitudes de licencias de cultivo, procesamiento y distribución.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Fedesarrollo, 2019. "La industria del cannabis medicinal en Colombia," Informes de Investigación 017608, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000124:017608
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/3823
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cannabis Medicinal; Industria del Cannabis Medicinal; Transformación Productiva; Exportaciones; Producción del Cannabis; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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