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Diferencias sociales y regionales en el ingreso laboral de las priicipales ciudades colombianas, 2001-2004

  • Julio Romero

    ()

En este artículo se estudian las diferencias sociales en el ingreso laboral desde una perspectiva regional. El análisis responde a tres preguntas ¿Existen diferencias en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas?, ¿Qué porcentaje de la desigualdad social en el ingreso laboral se puede atribuir a las diferencias regionales? y ¿Cuál es el costo social de tener un mercado laboral segmentado? A la primera pregunta el artículo responde que si existen, aunque menores a las observadas cuando se controla por educación, características laborales y costo de vida. En cuanto a la segunda pregunta, una descomposición de la desigualdad en el ingreso laboral sugiere que el efecto regional es nulo. Con respecto a la última pregunta se muestra, que el costo social se traduce en bajas tasas de retorno al capital humano y menor tasa de ocupación.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 002350.

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Length: 52
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2006
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:002350
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  1. Mauricio Santamaría, 2004. "Income Inequality, Skills And Trade: Evidence From Colombia During The 80s And 90s," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002832, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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  8. Bianchi, Marco, 1997. "Testing for Convergence: Evidence from Non-parametric Multimodality Tests," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(4), pages 393-409, July-Aug..
  9. Quah, Danny, 1996. "Regional Convergence Clusters Across Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 1286, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Duranton, Gilles & Gobillon, Laurent, 2004. "Spatial Wage Disparities: Sorting Matters!," CEPR Discussion Papers 4240, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Costas Megir & Danny Quah, 1996. "Regional Convergence Clusters Across Europe," CEP Discussion Papers dp0274, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  12. Shorrocks, A F, 1982. "Inequality Decomposition by Factor Components," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 193-211, January.
  13. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
  14. Julio Romero, 2005. "¿Cuánto cuesta vivir en las principales ciudades colombianas? Índice de Costo de Vida Comparativo," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003797, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  15. Trejo, Stephen J, 1997. "Why Do Mexican Americans Earn Low Wages?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(6), pages 1235-68, December.
  16. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Regional convergence clusters across Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 951-958, April.
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