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El mercado mundial del café y su impacto en Colombia

  • Carlos Gustavo Cano Sanz

    ()

  • Cesar Vallejo Mejía

    ()

  • Edgar Caicedo García

    ()

  • Juan Sebastian Amador Torres

    ()

La pérdida de importancia económica de la caficultura en Colombia, tanto en el contexto nacional como en el internacional, se explica, principalmente, por la caída dramática de su productividad; el consiguiente empobrecimiento de los caficultores, así como por el envejecimiento de estos y de los cafetos; la lentitud de los procesos de adopción de nuevas tecnologías y variedades resistentes a las plagas, en especial la roya; y la baja fertilización, entre otros factores. Ejercicios econométricos sugieren que la actividad cafetera, vía consumo, impacta más el crecimiento económico que la industria minera, con la ventaja adicional de que la caficultura emplea grandes porciones de la población y dinamiza la malla productiva de las regiones, siendo un instrumento ideal para sacar a grandes poblaciones rurales de la pobreza. También, se señala que la institucionalidad colombiana ha desaprovechado el actual esquema de libre comercio del grano para recuperar la productividad y las exportaciones. Finalmente, se elaboran recomendaciones, en relación con el cultivo, la comercialización y las instituciones del sector, para fortalecer su capacidad de enfrentar futuros choques de precios y contribuir a atenuar sus efectos sobre la economía.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 009612.

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Length: 57
Date of creation: 23 May 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:009612
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  1. Leandro Medina, 2010. "The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Priceson Fiscal Performance in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 10/192, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Munir Jalil & Esteban Tamayo, 2011. "Pass-through of International Food Prices to Domestic Inflation During and After the Great Recession: Evidence from a Set of Latin American Economies," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  3. Viviana Alejandra Alfonso & Luis Eduardo Arango & Fernando Arias & José David Pulido, . "Ciclos de negocios en Colombia: 1980-2010," Borradores de Economia 651, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  4. Perdomo Jorge Andrés & Juan Carlos Mendieta, 2007. "Factores que afectan la eficiencia técnica y asignativa en el sector cafetero colombiano: una aplicación con análisis envolvente de datos," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  5. Bilge Erten, 2012. "Super-cycles of commodity prices since the mid-ninteenth century," Working Papers 110, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
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