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Formación de las Tarifas Eléctricas e Inflación en Colombia

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  • Ignacio Lozano

    ()

  • Hernán Rincón

    ()

Abstract

En Colombia, las tarifas de la energía eléctrica son reguladas por el Estado. En la provisión del servicio participan cuatro negocios independientes (generación, transmisión, distribución y comercialización), cuyas empresas enfrentan distintas condiciones de mercado. Las tarifas se fijan con base en el costo unitario, el cual se ajusta, en cierto grado, con los principales índices de precios de la economía. Este documento describe el mercado colombiano de la energía eléctrica, analiza el proceso de formación de las tarifas, caracteriza su comportamiento y cuantifica el impacto inflacionario de un choque a la tarifa, con el fin de que sirva de referencia para los pronósticos de inflación y la toma de decisiones de política. Se encuentra que durante la última década las tarifas registraron cambios mensuales asimétricos y que frente a un choque del 10% en este precio, la inflación anual aumenta en 0,78%.

Suggested Citation

  • Ignacio Lozano & Hernán Rincón, 2011. "Formación de las Tarifas Eléctricas e Inflación en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007869, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:007869
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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/borra634.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Enrique López Enciso, 2008. "Algunos hechos estilizados sobre el comportamiento de los precios regulados en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 527, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    Cited by:

    1. Espinosa Acuña, Óscar A. & Vaca González, Paola A. & Avila Forero, Raúl A., 2013. "Elasticidades de demanda por electricidad e impactos macroecon_omicos del precio de la energía eléctrica en Colombia || Elasticity of Electricity Demand and Macroeconomics Impacts of Electricity Price," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 16(1), pages 216-249, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mercado de la energía eléctrica (agentes; estructura; instituciones; regulación); formación de la tarifa eléctrica y caracterización; tarifas e inflación.;

    JEL classification:

    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L43 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation
    • L5 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
    • E64 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Incomes Policy; Price Policy
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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