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Demanda por Servicios Públicos Domiciliarios en Colombia y Subsidios: Implicaciones sobre el Bienestar

  • Carlos Medina

    ()

  • Leonardo Fabio Morales

    ()

En el presente trabajo se estiman funciones de demanda por los servicios públicos domiciliarios de agua y electricidad para una muestra de las ciudades más importantes en el país. Teniendo como fuente de información la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida 2003 se utiliza una metodología no lineal que aprovecha las particularidades de la función de oferta de estos bienes (bloque de precios crecientes, IBP), para identificar la demanda. Con la estimación de la función de demanda se obtienen elasticidades ingreso y precio, y se estima el efecto que tiene un incremento en el precio del consumo básico sobre el bienestar de las familias beneficiarias a través de la variación compensada y la pérdida irrecuperable, la cual se cuantifica en aproximadamente US$35 millones por año, por concepto de los subsidios brutos en acueducto, alcantarillado y electricidad.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 004293.

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Length: 38
Date of creation: 14 Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:004293
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  1. Alejandro Gaviria & Carlos Medina & Carolina Mejia, 2006. "Assessing Health Reform in Colombia: From Theory to Practice," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
  2. Carlos Medina & Leonardo Morales, . "Stratification and Public Utility Services in Colombia: Subsidies to Households or Distortions on Housing Prices?," Borradores de Economia 422, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Baker, Paul & Blundell, Richard & Micklewright, John, 1989. "Modelling Household Energy Expenditures Using Micro-data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 720-38, September.
  4. Burtless, Gary & Hausman, Jerry A, 1978. "The Effect of Taxation on Labor Supply: Evaluating the Gary Negative Income Tax Experiments," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 1103-30, December.
  5. Heckman, James J, 1978. "Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 931-59, July.
  6. Hausman, Jerry A, 1981. "Exact Consumer's Surplus and Deadweight Loss," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(4), pages 662-76, September.
  7. Lester D. Taylor, 1975. "The Demand for Electricity: A Survey," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 6(1), pages 74-110, Spring.
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