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Communal Property Rights and Deforestation


  • Romero, M


  • Saavedra, S



Almost a third of world’s forest area is under communal management. In principle, this arrangement could lead to a “tragedy of the commons” and therefore more deforestation. But monitoring outsider’s deforestation may be easier if the owner is a community rather than an individual. We study the effect of communal titling on deforestation in Colombia using a difference-in-discontinuities strategy that compares areas just outside and inside a title, before and after titling. We find that deforestation decreased in communal areas after titling. Interestingly, we find evidence of positive spillovers of reduced deforestation in nearby areas.

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  • Romero, M & Saavedra, S, 2019. "Communal Property Rights and Deforestation," Documentos de Trabajo 017508, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:017508

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    Deforestation; Communal Land; Tragedy of the Commons;

    JEL classification:

    • P32 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Collectives; Communes; Agricultural Institutions
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry

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