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La microeconomía de la producción y tráfico de cocaína en Colombia


  • Daniel Mejia
  • Daniel M. Rico


Este capítulo presenta una radiografía detallada de la microeconomía de la producción y tráfico de cocaína en Colombia. El capítulo presenta una breve descripción de la evolución en el tiempo de las cifras agregadas sobre producción de cocaína y luego seconcentra en describir en detalle cada eslabón de la cadena de producción. En particular, se describen los principales costos e ingresos en cada eslabón y, con base en la información disponible, se presenta una estimación de los flujos de recursos que semueven en la economía colombiana producto de estas actividades ilegales. Las fases de producción del clorhidrato de cocaína comprenden desde procesos de economía campesina, que incluye transformaciones de bajo valor agregado, producción a baja ymediana escala de base de coca, participación de actores armados ilegales en los eslabones de mayor generación de valor agregado, y complejas redes de distribución de precursores y control sobre las rutas del narcotráfico. Nuestros estimativos indican que, con datos a 2008, el tamano del negocio de producción y tráfico de cocaína en Colombia es de aproximadamente $13.6 billones de pesos (2.3% del PIB), valor agregado que se distribuye así: $1.2 billones corresponden al valor de la hoja de coca producida; $0.8 billones al valor agregado de la base de coca; $2 billones al valor agregado de la transformación de base en clorhidrato de cocaína; y $9.6 billones alvalor generado en el eslabón del tráfico.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Mejia & Daniel M. Rico, 2010. "La microeconomía de la producción y tráfico de cocaína en Colombia," Documentos CEDE 007293, Universidad de los Andes – Facultad de Economía – CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:007293

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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. La política de drogas y el contrato social en Colombia
      by Ana Arjona y Tatiana Martínez Ferro in Foco Económico on 2019-04-30 20:54:55


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Ana María Ibañez Londoño & Juan Carlos Muñoz Mora & Philip Verwimp, 2013. "Abandoning Coffee under the Threat of Violence and the Presence of Illicit Crops. Evidence from Colombia," HiCN Working Papers 150, Households in Conflict Network.
    2. Omar Fdo., Arias-R. & Alfonso, Aza-Jacome, 2015. "Land competition and monopsonistic monopoly: the role of the narco-insurgency in the colombian cocaine market," MPRA Paper 63150, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Jaime Millán‐Quijano, 2020. "Internal Cocaine Trafficking And Armed Violence In Colombia," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 58(2), pages 624-641, April.
    4. Muñoz-Mora, Juan Carlos & Tobón, Santiago & d’Anjou, Jesse Willem, 2018. "The role of land property rights in the war on illicit crops: Evidence from Colombia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 268-283.
    5. Mejia, Daniel & Restrepo, Pascual, 2016. "The economics of the war on illegal drug production and trafficking," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 126(PA), pages 255-275.

    More about this item


    cocaína; narcotráfico; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • L73 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Forest Products

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