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International Environmental Agreements in the Presence of Adaptation


  • Walid Marrouch
  • Amrita Ray Chaudhuri


We show that adaptive measures undertaken by countries in the face of climate change, apart from directly reducing the damage caused by climate change, may also indirectly mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by increasing the stable size of international agreements on emission reductions. Moreover, we show that the more effective the adaptive measure in terms of reducing the marginal damage from emissions, the larger the stable size of the international environmental agreement. In addition, we show that larger coalitions may lead to lower global emission levels and higher welfare. Nous montrons que les mesures d'adaptation aux changements climatiques vont réduire directement les dommages causés par les changements climatiques. En plus, ces mesures peuvent aussi, indirectement, réduire les émissions des gaz à effet de serre puisqu'ils vont augmenter le nombre des participants dans les accords internationaux sur la réduction des émissions. En outre, nous montrons que la taille stable des accords internationaux sur l'environnement augmente avec l'efficacité des mesures d'adaptation. Par ailleurs, nous établissons que les grandes coalitions peuvent mener à des niveaux inférieurs d'émissions globales, et en plus ces grandes coalitions augment le bien-être mondial.

Suggested Citation

  • Walid Marrouch & Amrita Ray Chaudhuri, 2011. "International Environmental Agreements in the Presence of Adaptation," CIRANO Working Papers 2011s-32, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2011s-32

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    1. Effrosyni Diamantoudi & Eftichios S. Sartzetakis, 2006. "Stable International Environmental Agreements: An Analytical Approach," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 8(2), pages 247-263, May.
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    1. repec:wsi:ccexxx:v:04:y:2013:i:02:n:s201000781350005x is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Lazkano, Itziar & Marrouch, Walid & Nkuiya, Bruno, 2016. "Adaptation to climate change: how does heterogeneity in adaptation costs affect climate coalitions?," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(06), pages 812-838, December.
    3. repec:wsi:ccexxx:v:06:y:2015:i:03:n:s201000781550013x is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:zbw:hohpro:344 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:old:wpaper:344 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Klaus Eisenack & Leonhard Kähler, 2012. "Unilateral emission reductions can lead to Pareto improvements when adaptation to damages is possible," Working Papers V-344-12, University of Oldenburg, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2012.
    7. Heuson, Clemens & Gawel, Erik & Gebhardt, Oliver & Hansjürgens, Bernd & Lehmann, Paul & Meyer, Volker & Schwarze, Reimund, 2012. "Fundamental questions on the economics of climate adaptation: Outlines of a new research programme," UFZ Reports 05/2012, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ).
    8. Heuson, Clemens & Gawel, Erik & Gebhardt, Oliver & Hansjürgens, Bernd & Lehmann, Paul & Meyer, Volker & Schwarze, Reimund, 2012. "Ökonomische Grundfragen der Klimaanpassung: Umrisse eines neuen Forschungsprogramms," UFZ Reports 02/2012, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ).
    9. Vale, Petterson Molina, 2016. "The changing climate of climate change economics," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 12-19.
    10. repec:kap:enreec:v:68:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10640-016-0056-9 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    international environmental agreements; adaptation; coalition formation; climate change; accords environnementaux internationaux; adaptation; formation de coalitions; changements climatiques;

    JEL classification:

    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q59 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Other

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