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Le financement public de l'enseignement universitaire au Québec

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  • Clément Lemelin
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    The topic of this paper is public financing of university education in Quebec, which is analysed from the point of view of scarcity: even governments must submit to this reality. Our argument is built around three questions: How much should society spend? How should the burden be distributed between students or their relatives and governments? Which form should the public contribution take? Answers to these questions lead to proposals of reform. Ours pay attention to the distribution of burden and the form of public spending much more than to the level of overall spending. Student fees should be increased in Quebec, and reflect the varying costs of different programs. Student aid should also be increased but given more selectively, to those students who are more sensitive to price. A larger access to loans should be considered only on the condition that these loans cease to be subsidized. Dans ce texte, nous considérons le financement public de l'enseignement universitaire au Québec. L'angle retenu est la rareté, à laquelle même les gouvernements sont soumis. Notre propos s'organise autour de trois questions : quel effort devrait consentir la société québécoise? Comment répartir le fardeau de cet effort entre les principaux acteurs : les étudiants ou leurs proches, et les gouvernements? Quelle forme donner à la contribution publique? La réponse à ces questions nous mène à suggérer des pistes de réforme. Plus que le niveau des dépenses, ce sont la répartition du fardeau et la forme de l'intervention publique qui devraient être modifiées en priorité. Nous sommes favorables à l'augmentation et à la modulation des droits de scolarité. L'aide financière aux étudiants devrait aussi être augmentée, mais continuer d'être réservée aux plus démunis; l'accès accru à cette aide ne devrait se faire qu'au prix de la disparition de la subvention aux prêts.

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    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Project Reports with number 2010rp-06.

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    Length: 92 pages
    Date of creation: 01 May 2010
    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2010rp-06
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