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EU ETS Phase 3 benchmarks: Implications and potential flaws


  • Stephen Lecourt


In its third Phase (2013-20), the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme allocation methodology is shifting from grandfathering to a combination of auctioning and benchmarking. Free allocation is now be devoted to non-electricity generators only (save exemption), and is linearly decreasing throughout the Phase with a view of no free allocation in 2027. Benchmark-based free allocation is meant to reward lowest CO2-intensive installations as opposed to grandfathering, which allocated allowances based on historical emissions levels. This policy note describes the concrete implications involved by this shift in allocation methodology, and addresses the potential flaws of benchmarking-based allocation, using data from French nstallations’ Phase 3 provisional free allocation.

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  • Stephen Lecourt, 2013. "EU ETS Phase 3 benchmarks: Implications and potential flaws," Working Papers 1305, Chaire Economie du climat.
  • Handle: RePEc:cec:wpaper:1305

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    Cited by:

    1. Frédéric Branger & Oskar Lecuyer & Philippe Quirion, 2015. "The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme: should we throw the flagship out with the bathwater?," Post-Print hal-01137875, HAL.
    2. Fontini, Fulvio & Pavan, Giulia, 2014. "The European Union Emission Trading System and technological change: The case of the Italian pulp and paper industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 603-607.

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    EU ETS; Benchmarks; Preliminary amounts; Carbon leakage; Historical Activity Level;

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