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The Cost of Crop Damage Caused by Ozone Air Pollution From Motor Vehicles

Author

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  • Delucchi, Mark A.
  • Murphy, James
  • Kim, Jin
  • McCubbin, Donald R.

Abstract

The detrimental effects of ambient ozone on crops, even at relatively low concentrations, are well-established (Thompson et al., 1976; Heck and Brandt, 1977; Heck et al., 1982; Environmental Protection Agency, 1984; California Air Resources Board, 1987; Olszyk et al., 1988a, 1988b; Heagle et al., 1986; McCool et al., 1986, Ashmore, 1991). Ozone enters plant leaves through the stomatal openings in the leaf surface and then produces byproducts that reduce the efficiency of photosynthesis (CARB, 1987). Research suggests that ozone, either alone or in combination with nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide, may be responsible for up to 90 percent of U.S. crop losses resulting from air pollution (Heck et al., 1982). In an effort to address this problem, the Clean Air Act and its amendments include air pollution damages to vegetation as one of the criteria by which secondary national ambient air quality standards are evaluated (Adams et al., 1984). There is, of course, an economic cost associated with this reduced productivity. In this paper we use a formal model of agricultural production and demand to estimate the cost of crop damage1 due to all anthropogenic ozone air pollution, and to ozone air pollution attributable to motor-vehicle use in the U. S. in 1990.

Suggested Citation

  • Delucchi, Mark A. & Murphy, James & Kim, Jin & McCubbin, Donald R., 1996. "The Cost of Crop Damage Caused by Ozone Air Pollution From Motor Vehicles," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt1j6730td, University of California Transportation Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt1j6730td
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. R. M. Adam & J. M. Callaway & B. A. McCarl, 1986. "Pollution, Agriculture and Social Welfare: The Case of Acid Deposition," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 34(1), pages 3-19, March.
    2. Delucchi, Mark A., 1996. "The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt60d6n6hp, University of California Transportation Center.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mapemba, Lawrence D. & Epplin, Francis M. & Huhnke, Raymond L., 2006. "Environmental Consequences of Ethanol from Corn Grain, Ethanol from Lignocellulosic Biomass, and Conventional Gasoline," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21034, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Kim, Hong Jin & Konyar, Kazim & Sargent, Keith, 2002. "Economic Viability Of Bt-Corn In The U.S," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19772, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    3. Wang, Guihua, 2008. "Lifecycle Analysis of Air Quality Impacts of Hydrogen and Gasoline Transportation Fuel Pathways," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt41x6t130, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    4. Delucchi, Mark A. & McCubbin, Donald R., 2010. "External Costs of Transport in the U.S," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt13n8v8gq, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    5. Mark Delucchi & Don McCubbin, 2011. "External Costs of Transport in the United States," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Transport Economics, chapter 15 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Wang, Guihua & Ogden, Joan M & Chang, Daniel P.Y., 2007. "Estimating changes in urban ozone concentrations due to life cycle emissions from hydrogen transportation systems," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt21c6p765, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    7. Wang, Guihua & Ogden, Joan M & Chang, Daniel P.Y., 2007. "Estimating changes in urban ozone concentrations due to life cycle emissions from hydrogen transportation systems," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt4894t868, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    8. repec:mes:challe:v:42:y:1999:i:3:p:63-83 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Delucchi, Mark & Murphy, James & McCubbin, Donald, 2002. "The Health and Visibility Cost of Air Pollution: A Comparison of Estimation Methods," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt03s2x9xb, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.

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