The School-to-Work Transition: A Cross-National Perspective
School-to-work patterns and issues are discussed for seven economies (France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, UK and US). The emphasis is placed on differences across countries in both the current labour market position of young people and recent trends therein, along with the institutions that regulate youth education, training and employment. The power of public policies - including labour market deregulation, labour market programmes , the vocationalisation of education, and apprenticeship - to improve youth outcomes is discussed, drawing on national evaluation literatures. Evidence of extensive policy failure points up the need to develop nationally appropriate institutions to improve school-to work transitions.
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