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The Brain Drain. A Survey of the Literature

  • P. Giannoccolo

This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on Brain Drain (BD). We propose an ideal path that links the first studies with the most recent ones. In this development, the literature on BD focuses on a variety of economic and social issues and recalls to national and international debates. This paper uses more than 350 articles from a variety of sources. The sources are specialized professionals journals, internet research engines, governmental publications and newspapers. In the first part we analyse briefly the BD, its different definitions and the historical roots of the BD. This part shows that the BD is a wide and complex phenomenon. In the second part, we propose an ideal path to interpret the literature. This part analyses how BD is linked to political and social events, according to the Economy.

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Paper provided by Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna in its series Working Papers with number 526.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:bol:bodewp:526
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  7. Borjas, George J, 1987. "Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 531-53, September.
  8. Djajic, Slobodan & Milbourne, Ross, 1988. "A general equilibrium model of guest-worker migration : The source-country perspective," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(3-4), pages 335-351, November.
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  10. de Seynes, Philippe, 1972. "Prospects for a Future Whole World," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(01), pages 1-17, December.
  11. Chang, Roberto, 1991. "Private Investment and Sovereign Debt Negotiations," Working Papers 91-47, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  12. Bellante, Don, 1978. "Changes in the migration of human capital and the southern "brain drain": Evidence from the censuses of 1960 and 1970," Journal of Behavioral Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 53-77.
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  15. Beine, Michel & Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 275-289, February.
  16. Cox, Robert W., 1979. "Ideologies and the New International Economic Order: reflections on some recent literature," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 33(02), pages 257-302, March.
  17. Ehrenberg, Ronald G, 1992. "The Flow of New Doctorates," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(2), pages 830-75, June.
  18. Tain-Jy Chen & Hsien-Yang Su, 1995. "On the-job training as a cause of brain drain," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 131(3), pages 526-541, September.
  19. Corden, W M, 1984. "Harry Johnson's Contributions to International Trade Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(4), pages 567-91, August.
  20. Chau, Nancy H, 2001. "Strategic Amnesty and Credible Immigration Reform," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(3), pages 604-34, July.
  21. Davenport, Sally, 2004. "Panic and panacea: brain drain and science and technology human capital policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 617-630, May.
  22. Agarwal, Vinod B. & Winkler, Donald R., 1985. "United States immigration policy and indirect immigration of professionals," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 1-16, February.
  23. Bucovetsky, S., 2003. "Efficient migration and redistribution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(11), pages 2459-2474, October.
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