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Capital Structure Adjustments: Do Macroeconomic and Business Risks Matter?

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  • Christopher F Baum

    () (Boston College
    DIW Berlin)

  • Mustafa Caglayan

    (Heriot-Watt University)

  • Abdul Rashid

    () (International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan)

Abstract

We empirically examine the influence of risk on firms' capital structure adjustments. The process of adjustment is asymmetric and depends on the type of risk, its magnitude, the firm's actual leverage with respect to its target, and its financial status. We show that firms with financial surpluses and above-target leverage adjust their leverage more rapidly when firm-specific risk is low and when macroeconomic risk is high. Firms with financial deficits and below-target leverage adjust their capital structure more quickly when both types of risk are low. Our findings help to explain why managers seek to time equity and debt markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Christopher F Baum & Mustafa Caglayan & Abdul Rashid, 2013. "Capital Structure Adjustments: Do Macroeconomic and Business Risks Matter?," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 822, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 29 Aug 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:boc:bocoec:822
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    Cited by:

    1. M. E. Bontempi & L. Bottazzi & R. Golinelli, 2015. "Dynamic corporate capital structure behavior: empirical assessment in the light of heterogeneity and non stationarity," Working Papers wp988, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    2. repec:eee:corfin:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:248-260 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    macroeconomic risk; business risk; capital structure rebalancing; speed of adjustment; deviations from target leverage; financial deficits/surpluses;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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