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Fiscal Consolidations under Fixed Exchange Rates

  • Paola Casell

    ()

    (Banca d'Italia)

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    We present the “fixed exchange rate” version of the Obstfeld and Rogoff model and analyze the international transmission of fiscal policy shocks. It is shown that the welfare effects of an unanticipated contraction in government expenditure in the home country crucially depend on the way in which world money stock is set. If home authorities alone are responsible for pegging the exchange rate, a fiscal adjustment induces a decrease in the real interest rate, stimulates private consumption and limits the contraction in world output, compared with a situation in which a cooperative scheme is implemented. The model is then used to propose a new interpretation of recent events in the EU countries that have enacted restrictive fiscal policies while pegging their currencies to the DM.

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    File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/temi-discussione/1998/1998-0336/tema_336_98.pdf
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    Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) with number 336.

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    Date of creation: Oct 1998
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    Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_336_98
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Via Nazionale, 91 - 00184 Roma
    Web page: http://www.bancaditalia.it

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    1. Perotti, Roberto & Alesina, Alberto, 1997. "The Welfare State and Competitiveness," Scholarly Articles 4553027, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    2. repec:dgr:kubcen:199667 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 1994. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," NBER Working Papers 4693, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 1996. "Foundations of International Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262150476, June.
    5. Betts, Caroline & Devereux, Michael B., 1996. "The exchange rate in a model of pricing-to-market," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 1007-1021, April.
    6. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 1997. "Monetary Shocks and Real Exchange Rates in Sticky Price Models of International Business Cycles," NBER Working Papers 5876, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Cipollone Piero & Marchetti Domenico J., 1998. "Strozzature settoriali, limiti alla crescita e pressioni inflazionistiche," Rivista italiana degli economisti, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 27-54.
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