Energy, entropy, and arbitrage
We introduce a pathwise approach to analyze the relative performance of an equity portfolio with respect to a benchmark market portfolio. In this energy-entropy framework, the relative performance is decomposed into three components: a volatility term, a relative entropy term measuring the distance between the portfolio weights and the market capital distribution, and another entropy term that can be controlled by the investor by adopting a suitable rebalancing strategy. This framework leads to a class of portfolio strategies that allows one to outperform, in the long run, a market that is diverse and sufficiently volatile in the sense of stochastic portfolio theory. The framework is illustrated with several empirical examples.
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- Daniel Kuhn & David Luenberger, 2010. "Analysis of the rebalancing frequency in log-optimal portfolio selection," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(2), pages 221-234.
- Fernholz, Robert & Shay, Brian, 1982. " Stochastic Portfolio Theory and Stock Market Equilibrium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 37(2), pages 615-624, May.
- Robert Fernholz & Ioannis Karatzas & Constantinos Kardaras, 2005. "Diversity and relative arbitrage in equity markets," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 1-27, January.
- Eckhard Platen & Renata Rendek, 2010. "Approximating the Numeraire Portfolio by Naive Diversification," Research Paper Series 281, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
- Thomas M. Cover, 1991. "Universal Portfolios," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(1), pages 1-29.
- Robert Fernholz & Ioannis Karatzas, 2005. "Relative arbitrage in volatility-stabilized markets," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 149-177, November.
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