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Energy, entropy, and arbitrage

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  • Soumik Pal
  • Ting-Kam Leonard Wong

Abstract

We introduce a pathwise approach to analyze the relative performance of an equity portfolio with respect to a benchmark market portfolio. In this energy-entropy framework, the relative performance is decomposed into three components: a volatility term, a relative entropy term measuring the distance between the portfolio weights and the market capital distribution, and another entropy term that can be controlled by the investor by adopting a suitable rebalancing strategy. This framework leads to a class of portfolio strategies that allows one to outperform, in the long run, a market that is diverse and sufficiently volatile in the sense of stochastic portfolio theory. The framework is illustrated with several empirical examples.

Suggested Citation

  • Soumik Pal & Ting-Kam Leonard Wong, 2013. "Energy, entropy, and arbitrage," Papers 1308.5376, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1308.5376
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Eckhard Platen & Renata Rendek, 2012. "Approximating the numéraire portfolio by naive diversification," Journal of Asset Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 13(1), pages 34-50, February.
    4. Michael A. H. Dempster & Igor V. Evstigneev & Klaus R. Schenk-hoppe, 2007. "Volatility-induced financial growth," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 151-160.
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    6. Fernholz, Robert & Shay, Brian, 1982. "Stochastic Portfolio Theory and Stock Market Equilibrium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 37(2), pages 615-624, May.
    7. Robert Fernholz & Ioannis Karatzas, 2005. "Relative arbitrage in volatility-stabilized markets," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 149-177, November.
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