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An FBSDE Approach to American Option Pricing with an Interacting Particle Method

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  • Masaaki Fujii
  • Seisho Sato
  • Akihiko Takahashi

Abstract

In the paper, we propose a new calculation scheme for American options in the framework of a forward backward stochastic differential equation (FBSDE). The well-known decomposition of an American option price with that of a European option of the same maturity and the remaining early exercise premium can be cast into the form of a decoupled non-linear FBSDE. We numerically solve the FBSDE by applying an interacting particle method recently proposed by Fujii and Takahashi (2012d), which allows one to perform a Monte Carlo simulation in a fully forward-looking manner. We perform the fourth-order analysis for the Black-Scholes (BS) model and the third-order analysis for the Heston model. The comparison to those obtained from existing tree algorithms shows the effectiveness of the particle method.

Suggested Citation

  • Masaaki Fujii & Seisho Sato & Akihiko Takahashi, 2012. "An FBSDE Approach to American Option Pricing with an Interacting Particle Method," Papers 1211.5867, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1211.5867
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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1211.5867
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marek Rutkowski, 1994. "The Early Exercise Premium Representation Of Foreign Market American Options," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(4), pages 313-325.
    2. Masaaki Fujii & Akihiko Takahashi, 2011. "Analytical Approximation for Non-linear FBSDEs with Perturbation Scheme," Papers 1106.0123, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2012.
    3. Masaaki Fujii & Akihiko Takahashi, 2012. "Perturbative Expansion of FBSDE in an Incomplete Market with Stochastic Volatility," Papers 1202.0608, arXiv.org, revised Sep 2012.
    4. Duffie, Darrell & Huang, Ming, 1996. " Swap Rates and Credit Quality," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(3), pages 921-949, July.
    5. S. D. Jacka, 1991. "Optimal Stopping and the American Put," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(2), pages 1-14.
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    Cited by:

    1. Akihiko Takahashi, 2015. "Asymptotic Expansion Approach in Finance," CARF F-Series CARF-F-356, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo, revised Aug 2015.
    2. Kenichiro Shiraya & Akihiko Takahashi, 2015. "An Approximation Formula for Basket Option Prices under Local Stochastic Volatility with Jumps: an Application to Commodity Markets," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-973, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    3. Kenichiro Shiraya & Akihiko Takahashi, 2014. "Pricing Basket Options under Local Stochastic Volatility with Jumps," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-913, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    4. Akihiko Takahashi & Toshihiro Yamada, 2013. "On an Asymptotic Expansion of Forward-Backward SDEs with a Perturbed Driver," CARF F-Series CARF-F-326, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo, revised Oct 2013.
    5. Akihiko Takahashi & Toshihiro Yamada, 2013. "On an Asymptotic Expansion of Forward-Backward SDEs with a Perturbed Driver," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-902, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    6. Kenichiro Shiraya & Akihiko Takahashi, 2013. "Pricing Basket Options under Local Stochastic Volatility with Jumps," CARF F-Series CARF-F-336, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo, revised May 2014.
    7. Kenichiro Shiraya & Akihiko Takahashi, 2015. "An approximation formula for basket option prices under local stochastic volatility with jumps: an application to commodity markets," CARF F-Series CARF-F-361, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo, revised Aug 2015.

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