IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Determinants of immediate price impacts at the trade level in an emerging order-driven market


  • Wei-Xing Zhou



The common wisdom argues that, in general, large trades cause large price changes, while small trades cause small price changes. However, for extremely large price changes, the trade size and news play a minor role, while the liquidity (especially price gaps on the limit order book) is a more influencing factor. Hence, there might be other influencing factors of immediate price impacts of trades. In this paper, through mechanical analysis of price variations before and after a trade of arbitrary size, we identify that the trade size, the bid-ask spread, the price gaps and the outstanding volumes at the bid and ask sides of the limit order book have impacts on the changes of prices. We propose two regression models to investigate the influences of these microscopic factors on the price impact of buyer-initiated partially filled trades, seller-initiated partially filled trades, buyer-initiated filled trades, and seller-initiated filled trades. We find that they have quantitatively similar explanation powers and these factors can account for up to 44% of the price impacts. Large trade sizes, wide bid-ask spreads, high liquidity at the same side and low liquidity at the opposite side will cause a large price impact. We also find that the liquidity at the opposite side has a more influencing impact than the liquidity at the same side. Our results shed new lights on the determinants of immediate price impacts.

Suggested Citation

  • Wei-Xing Zhou, 2012. "Determinants of immediate price impacts at the trade level in an emerging order-driven market," Papers 1201.5448,
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1201.5448

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Latest version
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Gao-Feng Gu & Xiong Xiong & Hai-Chuan Xu & Wei Zhang & Yong-Jie Zhang & Wei Chen & Wei-Xing Zhou, 2017. "An empirical behavioural order-driven model with price limit rules," Papers 1704.04354,
    2. T. Zhang & G. -F. Gu & H. -C. Xu & X. Xiong & W. Chen & W. -X. Zhou, 2017. "Power-law tails in the distribution of order imbalance," Papers 1707.05550,
    3. Gao-Feng Gu & Xiong Xiong & Yong-Jie Zhang & Wei Chen & Wei Zhang & Wei-Xing Zhou, 2014. "Stylized facts of price gaps in limit order books: Evidence from Chinese stocks," Papers 1405.1247,
    4. repec:eee:phsmap:v:490:y:2018:i:c:p:1228-1237 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:phsmap:v:483:y:2017:i:c:p:201-208 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:kap:compec:v:50:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10614-016-9612-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Jian Zhou & Gao-Feng Gu & Zhi-Qiang Jiang & Xiong Xiong & Wei Chen & Wei Zhang & Wei-Xing Zhou, 2014. "Computational experiments successfully predict the emergence of autocorrelations in ultra-high-frequency stock returns," Papers 1404.1051,, revised Feb 2018.
    8. Gao, Yan & Gao, Yao, 2015. "Statistical properties of short-selling and margin-trading activities and their impacts on returns in the Chinese stock markets," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 438(C), pages 293-307.
    9. Zhang, Wei & Bi, Zhengzheng & Shen, Dehua, 2017. "Investor structure and the price–volume relationship in a continuous double auction market: An agent-based modeling perspective," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 467(C), pages 345-355.
    10. repec:eee:phsmap:v:493:y:2018:i:c:p:301-310 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Yu-Lei Wan & Gang-Jin Wang & Zhi-Qiang Jiang & Wen-Jie Xie & Wei-Xing Zhou, 2018. "The cooling-off effect of price limits in the Chinese stock markets," Papers 1803.09422,
    12. Hai-Chuan Xu & Zhi-Qiang Jiang & Wei-Xing Zhou, 2016. "Immediate price impact of a stock and its warrant: Power-law or logarithmic model?," Papers 1611.04091,
    13. Hai-Chuan Xu & Wei Chen & Xiong Xiong & Wei Zhang & Wei-Xing Zhou & H Eugene Stanley, 2016. "Limit-order book resiliency after effective market orders: Spread, depth and intensity," Papers 1602.00731,, revised Feb 2017.

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1201.5448. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (arXiv administrators). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.