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On refined volatility smile expansion in the Heston model

Listed author(s):
  • P. Friz
  • S. Gerhold
  • A. Gulisashvili
  • S. Sturm
Registered author(s):

    It is known that Heston's stochastic volatility model exhibits moment explosion, and that the critical moment $s_+$ can be obtained by solving (numerically) a simple equation. This yields a leading order expansion for the implied volatility at large strikes: $\sigma_{BS}( k,T)^{2}T\sim \Psi (s_+-1) \times k$ (Roger Lee's moment formula). Motivated by recent "tail-wing" refinements of this moment formula, we first derive a novel tail expansion for the Heston density, sharpening previous work of Dragulescu and Yakovenko [Quant. Finance 2, 6 (2002), 443--453], and then show the validity of a refined expansion of the type $\sigma_{BS}( k,T) ^{2}T=( \beta_{1}k^{1/2}+\beta_{2}+...)^{2}$, where all constants are explicitly known as functions of $s_+$, the Heston model parameters, spot vol and maturity $T$. In the case of the "zero-correlation" Heston model such an expansion was derived by Gulisashvili and Stein [Appl. Math. Optim. 61, 3 (2010), 287--315]. Our methods and results may prove useful beyond the Heston model: the entire quantitative analysis is based on affine principles: at no point do we need knowledge of the (explicit, but cumbersome) closed form expression of the Fourier transform of $\log S_{T}$\ (equivalently: Mellin transform of $S_{T}$ ); what matters is that these transforms satisfy ordinary differential equations of Riccati type. Secondly, our analysis reveals a new parameter ("critical slope"), defined in a model free manner, which drives the second and higher order terms in tail- and implied volatility expansions.

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    Paper provided by in its series Papers with number 1001.3003.

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    Date of creation: Jan 2010
    Date of revision: Nov 2010
    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1001.3003
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    1. Leif Andersen & Vladimir Piterbarg, 2007. "Moment explosions in stochastic volatility models," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 29-50, January.
    2. Adrian Dragulescu & Victor Yakovenko, 2002. "Probability distribution of returns in the Heston model with stochastic volatility," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(6), pages 443-453.
    3. Martin Forde & Antoine Jacquier & Aleksandar Mijatovic, 2009. "Asymptotic formulae for implied volatility in the Heston model," Papers 0911.2992,, revised May 2010.
    4. S. Benaim & P. Friz, 2009. "Regular Variation And Smile Asymptotics," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(1), pages 1-12.
    5. A. Gulisashvili & E. M. Stein, 2009. "Asymptotic Behavior of the Stock Price Distribution Density and Implied Volatility in Stochastic Volatility Models," Papers 0906.0392,
    6. A. Gulisashvili, 2009. "Asymptotic Formulas with Error Estimates for Call Pricing Functions and the Implied Volatility at Extreme Strikes," Papers 0906.0394,
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