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On the short-term influence of oil price changes on stock markets in GCC countries: linear and nonlinear analyses


  • Mohamed El Hedi Arouri


  • Julien Fouquau



This paper examines the short-run relationships between oil prices and GCC stock markets. Since GCC countries are major world energy market players, their stock markets may be susceptible to oil price shocks. To account for the fact that stock markets may respond nonlinearly to oil price shocks, we have examined both linear and nonlinear relationships. Our findings show that there are significant links between the two variables in Qatar, Oman, and UAE. Thus, stock markets in these countries react positively to oil price increases. For Bahrain, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia we found that oil price changes do not affect stock market returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed El Hedi Arouri & Julien Fouquau, 2009. "On the short-term influence of oil price changes on stock markets in GCC countries: linear and nonlinear analyses," Papers 0905.3870,
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:0905.3870

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Saleh Mothana Obadi & Matej Korcek, 2015. "Investigation of Driving Forces of Energy Consumption in European Union 28 Countries," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 422-432.
    2. Thai-Ha LE & Youngho CHANG, 2011. "The Impact of Oil Price Fluctuations on Stock Markets in Developed and Emerging Economies," Economic Growth Centre Working Paper Series 1103, Nanyang Technological University, School of Social Sciences, Economic Growth Centre.
    3. Arouri Mohamed El Hédi & Jawadi Fredj, 2010. "On the Impacts of Crisis on the Risk Premium: Evidence from the US Stock Market using a Conditional CAPM," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 30(2), pages 1032-1043.
    4. Awartani, Basel & Maghyereh, Aktham I. & Shiab, Mohammad Al, 2013. "Directional spillovers from the U.S. and the Saudi market to equities in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 224-242.
    5. Awartani, Basel & Maghyereh, Aktham Issa, 2013. "Dynamic spillovers between oil and stock markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 28-42.
    6. repec:ipg:wpaper:2013-023 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Chang, Chia-Lin & McAleer, Michael & Tansuchat, Roengchai, 2013. "Conditional correlations and volatility spillovers between crude oil and stock index returns," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 116-138.
    8. Mehmet Balcilar & Rangan Gupta & Ýsmail H. Gençb, 2016. "The links between crude oil prices and GCC stock markets: Evidence from time-varying Granger causality tests," Working Papers 15-30, Eastern Mediterranean University, Department of Economics.
    9. Mohamed El Hédi Arouri & Christophe Rault, 2010. "Les effets des fluctuations du prix du pétrole sur les marchés boursiers dans les pays du Golfe," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 61(5), pages 945-959.
    10. Arouri Mohamed El Hedi & Jawadi Fredj, 2010. "Short and long-term links between oil prices and stock markets in Europe," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 30(1), pages 817-828.
    11. Naifar, Nader & Al Dohaiman, Mohammed Saleh, 2013. "Nonlinear analysis among crude oil prices, stock markets' return and macroeconomic variables," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 416-431.
    12. Arturo Lorenzo Valdés & Rocío Durán Vázquez & Leticia Armenta Fraire, 2012. "Conditional Correlation Between Oil and Stock Market Returns: The Case of Mexico," Remef - The Mexican Journal of Economics and Finance, Instituto Mexicano de Ejecutivos de Finanzas. Remef, October.
    13. El Hedi Arouri, Mohamed & Huong Dinh, Thanh & Khuong Nguyen, Duc, 2010. "Time-varying predictability in crude-oil markets: the case of GCC countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4371-4380, August.
    14. Heni Boubaker & Nadia Sghaier, 2013. "Instability and time," Working Papers 2013-23, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    15. Arouri, Mohamed El Hedi & Lahiani, Amine & Nguyen, Duc Khuong, 2011. "Return and volatility transmission between world oil prices and stock markets of the GCC countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 1815-1825, July.
    16. Berk, Istemi & Aydogan, Berna, 2012. "Crude Oil Price Shocks and Stock Returns: Evidence from Turkish Stock Market under Global Liquidity Conditions," EWI Working Papers 2012-15, Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln (EWI).
    17. Rizvi, Aun & Masih, Mansur, 2014. "Oil price shocks and GCC capital markets: who drives whom?," MPRA Paper 56993, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. repec:spr:fininn:v:3:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40854-017-0052-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Mamipour, Siab & Vaezi Jezeie, Fereshteh, 2015. "Non-Linearities in the relation between oil price, gold price and stock market returns in Iran: a multivariate regime-switching approach," MPRA Paper 66202, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Lakshmi Kalyanaraman & Basmah Al Tuwajri, 2014. "Macroeconomic Forces and Stock Prices: Some Empirical Evidence from Saudi Arabia," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 5(1), pages 81-92, January.
    21. Berna Aydogan & Istemi Berk, 2015. "Crude Oil Price Shocks and Stock Returns: Evidences from Turkish Stock Market under Global Liquidity Conditions," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 54-68.

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    JEL classification:

    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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