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Thrifty Food Plan, 2006


  • Carlson, Andrea
  • Lino, Mark
  • Juan, WenYen
  • Hanson, Kenneth
  • Basiotis, P. Peter


The Thrifty Food Plan (TFP), a fundamental part of the U.S. food guidance system and the basis for maximum food stamp allotments, has been revised by USDA’s Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP), with assistance from USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), Economic Research Service (ERS), and Agricultural Research Service (ARS). The TFP provides a representative healthful and minimal cost meal plan that shows how a nutritious diet may be achieved with limited resources. The Plan assumes that all purchased food is consumed at home. The TFP was last revised in 1999. The newly revised (2006) TFP differs from, and improves upon, the previous TFP in a number of ways. The 2006 TFP: • Is based on the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans as well as the 2005 MyPyramid Food Guidance System. • Uses the prices low-income people paid for many foods. • Uses the latest data on food consumption, nutrient content, and food prices: the 2001- 2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and 2001-2002 Food Price Database. • Offers a more realistic reflection of the time available for food preparation, especially with increased expectations for work in assistance programs. Hence, it allows more prepared foods and requires somewhat fewer preparations from scratch. Although different from the previous TFP, the revised TFP is similar in one important respect: It is set at the same inflation-adjusted cost as the previous TFP. CNPP determined it was possible, for the 2001-2002 period, to obtain a healthful diet meeting current nutritional standards at a cost equal to the previous TFP’s cost.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlson, Andrea & Lino, Mark & Juan, WenYen & Hanson, Kenneth & Basiotis, P. Peter, 2007. "Thrifty Food Plan, 2006," CNPP Reports 42899, United States Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:usacnr:42899

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    Cited by:

    1. Dunn, Richard A. & Dean, Wesley R. & Johnson, Cassandra M. & Leidner, Andrew J. & Sharkey, Joseph R., 2012. "The Effect of Distance and Cost on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Rural Texas," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 44(04), November.
    2. Carlson, Andrea & Lino, Mark & Fungwe, Thomas V., 2008. "USDA's Low-Cost, Moderate-Cost, and Liberal Food Plans: Development and Expenditure Shares," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6216, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    3. Hill, Alexandra & Beatty, Timothy K.M., 2016. "The Agricultural Labor Market and Participation in U.S. Social Benefit Programs," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 236173, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. Carlson, Andrea & Lino, Mark & Fungwe, Thomas V., 2007. "The Low-Cost, Moderate-Cost, and Liberal Food Plans, 2007," CNPP Reports 45850, United States Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion.
    5. Carlson, Andrea & Dong, Diansheng & Lino, Mark, 2014. "Association between Total Diet Cost and Diet Quality Is Limited," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 39(1), April.
    6. repec:mpr:mprres:7867 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Carlson, Andrea & Dong, Diansheng & Lino, Mark, 2010. "Are The Total Daily Cost Of Food And Diet Quality Related: A Random Effects Panel Data Analysis," 115th Joint EAAE/AAEA Seminar, September 15-17, 2010, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany 116395, European Association of Agricultural Economists;Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    8. Leslie McGranahan & Anna L. Paulson, 2011. "How do benefit adjustments for government transfer programs compare with their participants' inflation experiences?," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Q IV, pages 113-136.
    9. Anne Peterson & Brittany McGill & Betsy Thorn & Brian Estes & Carole Trippe & Bryan Johnson & Ellen Thompson & Errol Baker & Jonathan Ladinsky & Gretchen Rowe, "undated". "Assessing the Feasibility of Implementing SNAP in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands," Mathematica Policy Research Reports b383658102c7435e900af4b7f, Mathematica Policy Research.
    10. Carlson, Andrea & Lino, Mark & Fungwe, Thomas V. & Guenther, Patricia M., 2009. "Eating a Healthy Diet: Is Cost a Major Factor?," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49259, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    11. Robert C. Allen, 2017. "Absolute Poverty: When Necessity Displaces Desire," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(12), pages 3690-3721, December.
    12. Joshua Leftin & Allison Dodd & Kai Filion & Rebecca Wang & Andrew Gothro & Karen Cunnyngham, 2013. "Analysis of Proposed Changes to SNAP Eligibility and Benefit Determination in the 2013 Farm Bill and Comparison of Cardiometabolic Health Status for SNAP Participants and Low-Income Nonparticipants," Mathematica Policy Research Reports a0e252ba3926445aa0ef1589e, Mathematica Policy Research.
    13. Carlson, Andrea & Lino, Mark & Juan, WenYen & Marcoe, Kristin & Bente, Lisa & Hiza, Hazel A. B. & Guenther, Patricia M. & Leibtag, Ephraim S., 2008. "Development of the CNPP Prices Database," CNPP Reports 45851, United States Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion.
    14. Mancino, Lisa & Newman, Constance, 2007. "Who Has Time To Cook? How Family Resources Influence Food Preparation," Economic Research Report 55961, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    15. Sanjay G. Reddy, 2009. "The Emperor’s New Suit: Global Poverty Estimates Reappraised," Working Papers 79, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
    16. Mancino, Lisa & Todd, Jessica E. & Guthrie, Joanne F. & Lin, Biing-Hwan, 2010. "How Food Away From Home Affects Children's Diet Quality," Economic Research Report 134700, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.


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