IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/scarwp/28031.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Definitions of "Rural"

Author

Listed:
  • du Plessis, Valerie
  • Beshiri, Roland
  • Bollman, Ray D.
  • Clemenson, Heather

Abstract

Several definitions of "rural" are available for national and provincial analysis using the databases at Statistics Canada. We compare six in this paper. Each definition emphasizes different criteria (population size, density, context) and has different associated thresholds. The size of the territorial units (building blocks) from which each definition is constructed also varies. As a result, an analyst's choice of "rural" definition matters. Different definitions generate a different number of "rural" people. Even if the number of "rural" people is the same, different people will be classified as "rural" within each definition. In general, each definition provides a similar analytical conclusion (e.g., rural people have lower employment rates and lower incomes than the Canadian average) but the level of each characteristic differs for each definition of rural. We recommend, therefore, that analysts consider the scale of a "rural" issue - whether it is local, community or regional - before selecting a definition. This will influence the type of territorial unit upon which to focus the analysis and the appropriate definition to use. We also encourage analysts to consider which geographic dimensions are most relevant to the issue at hand - population size, population density, labour market or settlement context - and then choose a definition that incorporates these dimensions. Rather than using one of the existing definitions, one option available to the analyst is to assign one (or more) "degrees of rurality" to each territorial unit. This may be specific to a policy debate or sub-national issue. Another option is to cross-classify two definitions of rural in order to focus on a specific sub-sector of the rural population.

Suggested Citation

  • du Plessis, Valerie & Beshiri, Roland & Bollman, Ray D. & Clemenson, Heather, 2002. "Definitions of "Rural"," Agriculture and Rural Working Paper Series 28031, Statistics Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:scarwp:28031
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/28031/files/wp020061.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Verbeek & Ann Pisman & Georges Allaert, 2012. "The countryside in urbanized Flanders: towards a flexible definition for a dynamic policy," ERSA conference papers ersa12p476, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Community/Rural/Urban Development;

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:scarwp:28031. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/stagvca.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.