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Financial Liberalization, Bank Restructuring and the Implications for Non-Bank Intermediaries in the Financial Markets fo Africa: Lessons from the Gambia

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  • Graham, Douglas H.
  • Nagarajan, Geetha
  • Quattara, Korotoumou

Abstract

Research on structural adjustment, liberalization and privatization in sub-Saharan Africa has not focused on the consequences of these policy initiatives on the financial sector. This paper documents and discusses the consequences of these reforms on the financial sector in The Gambia. Marked changes in the market structure and portfolio composition of the bank sector severely ration loan activity, particularly in rural areas. This creates a vacuum in which non-bank intermediaries currently operate with varying degrees of moral hazard and principal agent problems. The institutional design for non-bank intermediaries necessary to ensure a viable sustained supply of financial services for a rural clientele in Africa is discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Graham, Douglas H. & Nagarajan, Geetha & Quattara, Korotoumou, 1997. "Financial Liberalization, Bank Restructuring and the Implications for Non-Bank Intermediaries in the Financial Markets fo Africa: Lessons from the Gambia," 1997 Occasional Paper Series No. 7 198180, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaaeo7:198180
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.198180
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    File URL: https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/198180/files/agecon-occpapers-1997-026_1_.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Udry, Christopher, 1990. "Credit Markets in Northern Nigeria: Credit as Insurance in a Rural Economy," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 4(3), pages 251-269, September.
    2. Eswaran, Mukesh & Kotwal, Ashok, 1989. "Credit as insurance in agrarian economies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 37-53, July.
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