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The Economic Impact of the Green Certificate Market through the Macro Multiplier Approach

Author

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  • Ciaschini, Maurizio
  • Severini, Francesca
  • Socci, Claudio
  • Pretaroli, Rosita

Abstract

In the last decade, as many other European countries, the Italian Government adopted several reforms in order to increase the use of Renewable Energy Sources (RES). The liberalization of the electricity market that represents one of these reforms aims to reach environmental benefits from the substitution of fossil fuel with renewable sources. The Italian Green Certificate market was introduced in 2002 in order to accomplish this objective and represents a mechanism where a quota of renewable electricity is imposed to suppliers in proportion to their sales. The electricity industries are obliged to meet this condition by producing the quantity of renewable electricity by means of a change in their production process, otherwise they must buy a number of certificates corresponding to the quota. This mechanism changes the importance of the electricity industry first in promoting climate protection, then in terms of the impact on the economy as a whole. A policy aimed to develop the market of green certificates may lead to environmental improvement by switching the energy production process to renewable resources. But above all an increase in demand for green certificates, resulting from a reform on the quota of renewable electricity, can generate positive change in all components of the industrial production. For this purpose, the paper aims to quantify the economic impact of a reform on Green Certificate market for the Italian system by means of the Macro Multiplier (MM) approach. The analysis is performed through the Hybrid Input-Output (I-O) model that allows expressing the energy ows in physical terms (GWh) while all other ows are expressed in monetary terms (€). Moreover, through the singular value decomposition of the inverse matrix of the model, which reveals the set of key structures of the exogenous change of final demand, we identify the appropriate key structure able to obtain both the expected positive total output change and the increase of electricity production from RES.

Suggested Citation

  • Ciaschini, Maurizio & Severini, Francesca & Socci, Claudio & Pretaroli, Rosita, 2010. "The Economic Impact of the Green Certificate Market through the Macro Multiplier Approach," Institutions and Markets Papers 94741, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:feemim:94741
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.94741
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Maurizio Ciaschini & Rosita Pretaroli & Claudio Socci, 2009. "A Convenient Multisectoral Policy Control For Ict In The Us Economy," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(4), pages 660-685, November.
    2. Ciaschini, Maurizio & Socci, Claudio, 2007. "Final demand impact on output: A macro multiplier approach," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 115-132.
    3. Baumol,William J. & Oates,Wallace E., 1988. "The Theory of Environmental Policy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521322249, December.
    4. Goulder, Lawrence H. & Parry, Ian W. H. & Williams III, Roberton C. & Burtraw, Dallas, 1999. "The cost-effectiveness of alternative instruments for environmental protection in a second-best setting," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(3), pages 329-360, June.
    5. Jensen, S. G. & Skytte, K., 2002. "Interactions between the power and green certificate markets," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 425-435, April.
    6. Miller,Ronald E. & Blair,Peter D., 2009. "Input-Output Analysis," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521517133, October.
    7. Erik Dietzenbacher & Jesper Stage, 2006. "Mixing oil and water? Using hybrid input-output tables in a Structural decomposition analysis," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 85-95.
    8. Ciaschini, Maurizio, 1989. "Scale and structure in economic modelling," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 355-373, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yousaf Ali & Maurizio Ciaschini & Claudio Socci & Rosita Pretaroli & Muhammad Sabir, 2019. "Identifying the sources of structural changes in CO2 emissions in Italy," Economia Politica: Journal of Analytical and Institutional Economics, Springer;Fondazione Edison, vol. 36(2), pages 509-526, July.
    2. Yousaf Ali & Claudio Socci & Rosita Pretaroli & Francesca Severini, 2018. "Economic and environmental impact of transport sector on Europe economy," Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 361-397, August.
    3. Maurizio Ciaschini & Rosita Pretaroli & Francesca Severini & Claudio Socci, 2013. "Environmental tax and regional government consumption expenditure in a fiscal federalism system," ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2013(2), pages 129-152.
    4. Claudio Socci & Francesco Felici & Rosita Pretaroli & Francesca Severini & Renato Loiero, 2021. "The Multisector Applied Computable General Equilibrium Model for Italian Economy (MACGEM-IT)," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 7(1), pages 109-127, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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