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The Determinants of Dairy Farming Competitiveness in Ukraine

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  • Nivievskyi, Oleg
  • von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan

Abstract

WTO accession and the expected free trade agreement with the EU pose significant challenges for Ukrainian agriculture, implying structural changes for the sector as well as adaptations at the farm level to improve efficiency and competitiveness. However, a recent study by von Cramon-Taubadel and Nivievskyi [2] demonstrates a clear lack of competitiveness. This directs attention to the forces that drive competitiveness in Ukrainian agriculture. Dairy farming deserves particular attention in this regard, since it is one of the main income generating sources for the rural population, and of raw material supply for the fast growing dairy processing. In this paper at first we analyze the profile of competitiveness of dairy farming in Ukraine, demonstrating that only about 20% of dairy farms produce at competitive level. Then using a fixed-effect panel regression we analyze the determinants of competitiveness in Ukrainian dairy farming. The size of the farm, productivity and labor intensity have a strong positive effect on competitiveness, while arable land per head has negative effect. Finally, total subsidies received by farms are found to have a negative impact on competitiveness, and this impact does not differ significantly between farms with different herd size.

Suggested Citation

  • Nivievskyi, Oleg & von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan, 2008. "The Determinants of Dairy Farming Competitiveness in Ukraine," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44059, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae08:44059
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    Cited by:

    1. Myrna van Leeuwen & Petra Salamon & Thomas Fellmann & Martin Banse & Oliver von Ledebur & Guna Salputra & Olexandr Nekhay & Robert M'barek, 2012. "The agri-food sector in Ukraine: Current situation and market outlook until 2025," JRC Working Papers JRC71776, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    2. Levkovych, Inna, 2011. "Der ukrainische Außenhandel mit Produkten der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft: Eine quantitative Analyse aus Sicht traditioneller und neuer Außenhandelstheorien," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), volume 59, number 109520.
    3. Ramanovich, Mikhail, 2010. "Zur Bestimmung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des weißrussischen Milchsektors: Aussagefähigkeit von Wettbewerbsindikatoren und Entwicklung eines kohärenten Messungskonzepts," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), volume 53, number 94739.
    4. Nivievskyi, Oleg, 2009. "Price Support, Efficiency and Technology Change of Ukrainian dairy farms: Spatial dependence in the components of productivity growth," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 51403, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. repec:taf:ceasxx:v:65:y:2013:i:4:p:631-657 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dairy; Ukraine; Competitiveness; Livestock Production/Industries;

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