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The Decision to Adopt Organic Practices in Malaysia; a Mix-method Approach


  • Mohamed Haris, Nur Bahiah
  • Garrod, Guy
  • Gkartzios, Menelaos
  • Proctor, Amy


Organic agriculture is being promoted globally and is considered to have beneficial impacts on sustainable development. Aside from the importance of organic agriculture for human health and the environment, organic farming also indirectly contributes to income generation, development of new technologies and indigenous knowledge, as well as supporting rural development (Darnhofer, 2005; Scialabba, 2000). In Malaysia, people have recently become more aware of the potential advantages of organic food; however, the adoption rate among farmers is still very low and the number of certified farmers remains small. In fact, the demand from consumers for organic products continues to increase and cannot be met by local producers, hence relying on imports from other countries. In this context, this paper aims to investigate the factors that influence the farmer’s decision to adopt organic farming practices. This study was carried out in all four regions of Peninsular Malaysia (Northern, Central, Southern, and East Coast) which also represent the four highest number of organic farmers that have been listed by the Department of Agriculture (DoA) Malaysia. Logistic regression analysis was estimated to ascertain the factors. The paper intends to explain the decision to adopt or not adopt organic farming with respect to a variety of socio-economic, social and attitudinal factors. The analysis was done using both qualitative and quantitative methods, towards a more comprehensive understanding of the overall situation of organic farming practices in Malaysia. The results indicate that environmental attitudes is the most influential factor, followed by information sharing attitudes, as well as land ownership. These observations can contribute to national policy development in the context of future sustainable development.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Haris, Nur Bahiah & Garrod, Guy & Gkartzios, Menelaos & Proctor, Amy, 2018. "The Decision to Adopt Organic Practices in Malaysia; a Mix-method Approach," 92nd Annual Conference, April 16-18, 2018, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 273485, Agricultural Economics Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aesc18:273485
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.273485

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    Cited by:

    1. Nadia Adnan & Shahrina Md Nordin, 2021. "How COVID 19 effect Malaysian paddy industry? Adoption of green fertilizer a potential resolution," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 23(6), pages 8089-8129, June.
    2. Ratana Sapbamrer & Ajchamon Thammachai, 2021. "A Systematic Review of Factors Influencing Farmers’ Adoption of Organic Farming," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(7), pages 1-28, March.
    3. Wan Nor Syafikah Wan Abdullah & Nur Anisah Syafiqah Mohamad Shukri & Norhafizah Md Zain & Farah Adilla Abdullah & Suhana Zakaria & Tengku Halimatun Sa’adiah T Abu Bakar & Norsida Man & Jasmin Arif S, 2024. "Understanding of the Fruit Farmers’ Adoption Intention toward Organic Farming," International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science, International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS), vol. 8(3), pages 1976-1985, March.
    4. Nguyen Cong Dinh & Takeshi Mizunoya & Vo Hoang Ha & Pham Xuan Hung & Nguyen Quang Tan & Le Thanh An, 2023. "Factors influencing farmer intentions to scale up organic rice farming: preliminary findings from the context of agricultural production in Central Vietnam," Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 749-774, September.
    5. Larisa Ivascu & David Frank Ahimaz & Benedict Valentine Arulanandam & Gelu-Ovidiu Tirian, 2021. "The Perception and Degree of Adoption by Urbanites towards Urban Farming," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(21), pages 1-17, November.

    More about this item


    Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; International Development;
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