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Water quality trading programs: A comparison between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres


  • Greenhalgh, Suzie
  • Selman, Mindy


Water quality trading is continually being explored and implemented to improve water quality in many parts of the world. They are being used to cost-effectively reduce point and/or non-point source obligations to meet water quality goals such as nutrient discharge limits. A comparison between evolving trading programs in New Zealand and some in North America illustrate a number of differences as well as similarities in terms of the successes and hurdles. These can be used to better design more effective programs.

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  • Greenhalgh, Suzie & Selman, Mindy, 2008. "Water quality trading programs: A comparison between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres," 2008 Conference (52nd), February 5-8, 2008, Canberra, Australia 6028, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aare08:6028

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Feenstra, Robert C., 1995. "Estimating the effects of trade policy," Handbook of International Economics,in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1553-1595 Elsevier.
    2. Kym Anderson & Peter Lloyd & Donald Maclaren, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia Since World War II," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 83(263), pages 461-482, December.
    3. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 2005. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of International Trade Policy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262012200, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Greenhalgh, Suzie, 2008. "Bundled Ecosystem Markets – Are They The Future?," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6166, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

    More about this item


    water quality; trading; nutrients; market-based; non-point source; point source; Environmental Economics and Policy;

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