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Determinantes de los Ingresos Laborales en las Zonas Urbanas de Bolivia

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  • Beatriz Muriel

    () (Institute for Advanced Development Studies)

Abstract

La investigación analiza los determinantes de los ingresos laborales en las zonas urbanas de Bolivia. Además de considerar los usuales “factores de oferta” como factores explicativos — educación, experiencia, género y etnia, aporta a la literatura empírica al tomar en cuenta también las características productivas de las firmas. La disponibilidad de la información primaria permite analizar dos tipos de datos: El primero se encuentra a nivel de individuos, a partir de la Encuesta Continua de Hogares 2003-2004, y separa la muestra en dos grupos: Trabajadores dependientes e independientes. El segundo se halla a nivel de firmas y utiliza la Encuesta de Establecimientos Económicos para tres grupos sectores: Manufacturas; electricidad, gas y agua, servicios empresariales y financieros; y otros servicios. Los resultados econométricos muestran que las características de las firmas son fundamentales para explicar los ingresos laborales, en niveles y desigualdad. En particular, para los trabajadores independientes se encuentra estas variables en conjunto llegan a explicar el 47,5% de las diferencias salariales observadas, relegando la importancia de los años de escolaridad a apenas el 3,6%.

Suggested Citation

  • Beatriz Muriel, 2010. "Determinantes de los Ingresos Laborales en las Zonas Urbanas de Bolivia," Development Research Working Paper Series 06/2010, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:adv:wpaper:201006
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bolivia; ingresos laborales; salarios; desigualdad;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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