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Determinantes de los Ingresos Laborales en las Zonas Urbanas de Bolivia

Listed author(s):
  • Beatriz Muriel

    ()

    (Institute for Advanced Development Studies)

La investigación analiza los determinantes de los ingresos laborales en las zonas urbanas de Bolivia. Además de considerar los usuales “factores de oferta” como factores explicativos — educación, experiencia, género y etnia, aporta a la literatura empírica al tomar en cuenta también las características productivas de las firmas. La disponibilidad de la información primaria permite analizar dos tipos de datos: El primero se encuentra a nivel de individuos, a partir de la Encuesta Continua de Hogares 2003-2004, y separa la muestra en dos grupos: Trabajadores dependientes e independientes. El segundo se halla a nivel de firmas y utiliza la Encuesta de Establecimientos Económicos para tres grupos sectores: Manufacturas; electricidad, gas y agua, servicios empresariales y financieros; y otros servicios. Los resultados econométricos muestran que las características de las firmas son fundamentales para explicar los ingresos laborales, en niveles y desigualdad. En particular, para los trabajadores independientes se encuentra estas variables en conjunto llegan a explicar el 47,5% de las diferencias salariales observadas, relegando la importancia de los años de escolaridad a apenas el 3,6%.

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File URL: http://www.inesad.edu.bo/pdf/wp06_2010.pdf
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Paper provided by Institute for Advanced Development Studies in its series Development Research Working Paper Series with number 06/2010.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Handle: RePEc:adv:wpaper:201006
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