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A New Diagnostic Test for Cross-Section Independence in Nonparametric Panel Data Model

Author

Listed:
  • Jia Chen

    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

  • Jiti Gao

    () (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

  • Degui Li

    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a new diagnostic test for residual cross–section independence in a nonparametric panel data model. The proposed nonparametric cross–section dependence (CD) test is a nonparametric counterpart of an existing parametric CD test proposed in Pesaren (2004) for the parametric case. We establish an asymptotic distribution of the proposed test statistic under the null hypothesis. As in the parametric case, the proposed test has an asymptotically normal distribution. We then analyze the power function of the proposed test under an alternative hypothesis that involves a nonlinear multi–factor model. We also provide several numerical examples. The small sample studies show that the nonparametric CD test associated with an asymptotic critical value works well numerically in each individual case. An empirical analysis of a set of CPI data in Australian capital cities is given to examine the applicability of the proposed nonparametric CD test.

Suggested Citation

  • Jia Chen & Jiti Gao & Degui Li, 2009. "A New Diagnostic Test for Cross-Section Independence in Nonparametric Panel Data Model," School of Economics Working Papers 2009-16, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:adl:wpaper:2009-16
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    File URL: http://www.economics.adelaide.edu.au/research/papers/doc/wp2009-16.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Jia Chen & Degui Li & Jiti Gao, 2013. "Non- and Semi-Parametric Panel Data Models: A Selective Review," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 18/13, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    2. Chen, Jia & Gao, Jiti & Li, Degui, 2012. "Semiparametric trending panel data models with cross-sectional dependence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 171(1), pages 71-85.
    3. Jia Chen & Jiti Gao, 2014. "Semiparametric Model Selection in Panel Data Models with Deterministic Trends and Cross-Sectional Dependence," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 15/14, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    4. G. Pan & J. Gao & Y. Yang & M. Guo, 2012. "Independence Test for High Dimensional Random Vectors," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 1/12, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    5. Vasilis Sarafidis & Tom Wansbeek, 2012. "Cross-Sectional Dependence in Panel Data Analysis," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 483-531, September.
    6. Gao, Jiti & Pan, Guangming & Yang, Yanrong, 2012. "Testing Independence for a Large Number of High–Dimensional Random Vectors," MPRA Paper 45073, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Mar 2013.
    7. Lee, Jungyoon & Robinson, Peter, 2015. "Panel nonparametric regression with fixed effects," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 61431, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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