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On IGARCH and convergence of the QMLE for misspecified GARCH models

Author

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  • Anders Tolver Jensen

    () (Department of Natural Sciences, University of Copenhagen)

  • Theis Lange

    () (Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen & CREATES)

Abstract

We address the IGARCH puzzle by which we understand the fact that a GARCH(1,1) model fitted by quasi maximum likelihood estimation to virtually any financial dataset exhibit the property that alpha^hat + beta^hat is close to one. We prove that if data is generated by certain types of continuous time stochastic volatility models, but fitted to a GARCH(1,1) model one gets that alpha^hat + beta^hat tends to one in probability as the sampling frequency is increased. Hence, the paper suggests that the IGARCH effect could be caused by misspecification. The result establishes that the stochastic sequence of QMLEs do indeed behave as the deterministic parameters considered in the literature on filtering based on misspecified ARCH models, see e.g. Nelson (1992). An included study of simulations and empirical high frequency data is found to be in very good accordance with the mathematical results.

Suggested Citation

  • Anders Tolver Jensen & Theis Lange, 2009. "On IGARCH and convergence of the QMLE for misspecified GARCH models," CREATES Research Papers 2009-06, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
  • Handle: RePEc:aah:create:2009-06
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    File URL: ftp://ftp.econ.au.dk/creates/rp/09/rp09_06.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hillebrand, Eric, 2005. "Neglecting parameter changes in GARCH models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 129(1-2), pages 121-138.
    2. Bollerslev, Tim & Engle, Robert F, 1993. "Common Persistence in Conditional Variances," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(1), pages 167-186, January.
    3. Drost, Feike C & Nijman, Theo E, 1993. "Temporal Aggregation of GARCH Processes," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(4), pages 909-927, July.
    4. Drost, Feike C. & Werker, Bas J. M., 1996. "Closing the GARCH gap: Continuous time GARCH modeling," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 31-57, September.
    5. Andersen, Torben G. & Bollerslev, Tim, 1997. "Intraday periodicity and volatility persistence in financial markets," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 4(2-3), pages 115-158, June.
    6. Torben G. Andersen & Tim Bollerslev & Francis X. Diebold & Paul Labys, 2003. "Modeling and Forecasting Realized Volatility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(2), pages 579-625, March.
    7. Nelson, Daniel B & Foster, Dean P, 1994. "Asymptotic Filtering Theory for Univariate ARCH Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(1), pages 1-41, January.
    8. Baillie, Richard T. & Bollerslev, Tim & Mikkelsen, Hans Ole, 1996. "Fractionally integrated generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 3-30, September.
    9. Nelson, Daniel B. & Foster, Dean P., 1995. "Filtering and forecasting with misspecified ARCH models II : Making the right forecast with the wrong model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 303-335, June.
    10. Ding, Zhuanxin & Granger, Clive W. J., 1996. "Modeling volatility persistence of speculative returns: A new approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 185-215, July.
    11. Francq, Christian & Zako an, Jean-Michel, 2000. "Estimating Weak Garch Representations," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(05), pages 692-728, October.
    12. Bollerslev, Tim, 1986. "Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 307-327, April.
    13. Jensen, S ren Tolver & Rahbek, Anders, 2004. "Asymptotic Inference For Nonstationary Garch," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(06), pages 1203-1226, December.
    14. Nelson, Daniel B., 1992. "Filtering and forecasting with misspecified ARCH models I : Getting the right variance with the wrong model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1-2), pages 61-90.
    15. R. F. Engle & A. J. Patton, 2001. "What good is a volatility model?," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 237-245.
    16. Peter Christoffersen & Kris Jacobs & Karim Mimouni, 2007. "Models for S&P500 Dynamics: Evidence from Realized Volatility, Daily Returns, and Option Prices," CREATES Research Papers 2007-37, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    17. Engle, Robert F, 1982. "Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity with Estimates of the Variance of United Kingdom Inflation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 987-1007, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    GARCH; Integrated GARCH; Misspecification; High frequency exchange rates;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation

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