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Atlas of wooden furniture industry in Jepara, Indonesia


  • Jean-Marc Roda

    () (CIRAD)

  • Philippe Cadène

    (CNRS, UMR7135, Université Denis Diderot, Paris VII)

  • Philippe Guizol


  • Levania Santoso


  • Achmad Uzair Fauzan



In this document, we study the industrial district of Jepara, Indonesia. It is specialised in furniture production, for Indonesian consumption as well as for worldwide exports. We summarize the main features of the dynamics of the firms involved in the Jepara industrial complex with a quantitative analysis of flows among them, and between them and markets elsewhere. A specific method of spatial analysis was designed, and merged with existing methods for the analysis of forest production networks and social networks. This method allows to take into account and to accurately assess the number of very small workshops that cannot be evaluated by classical methods. We demonstrate that both the official statistics and the existing literature about Jepara considerably underestimate the extent of the wood industry and its activities. We present the results through synthesis maps. A total of 15 271 units of production have been identified, employing approximately 170 000 workers in Jepara. The activity generates considerable revenue: between 11 900 and 12 300 billion Rp/year of added value (about 1 billion euros/year), that is to say between 70 and 78 million Rp/worker/year. The district of Jepara consumes between 1.5 and 2.2 million m3/year of roundwood, and in other words, we found that the use of around 9 m3 of roundwood sustains one full-time employee for a year. The organisation of the production is typical of an industrial district, featuring a high level of intertwined relationships and subcontracting among highly specialised production units and a prevalence of small and very small units in various steps of the production rather than bigger, integrated units.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marc Roda & Philippe Cadène & Philippe Guizol & Levania Santoso & Achmad Uzair Fauzan, 2007. "Atlas of wooden furniture industry in Jepara, Indonesia," Selected Books, CIRAD, Forest department, UPR40, edition 1, volume 1, number 9.
  • Handle: RePEc:epf:ecbook:9
    Note: language = indonesian, 52p, EC project "Levelling the playing field", This document is jointly produced by the Centre de coopération international en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD) and Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). We thanks the surveyors for their hard work (Adi Nugroho, Budi Suprojo, Desti Wahyu Kurniawati, Dewi Azizah, Eko Agus Wibisono, Fajar Hery Purwanto, Fauziatul Iffah, Iwan Achmad Ambiya, Muhammad Maksalmina, Rini Puspita Sari, Wachid Nurhadi, Wuri Rahmawati), Maya Dina the field coordinator, Fitri Mulyana who check and clean up the database, and Rosita Go for secretarial support. We thank Peter Frost, who reviewed and provided useful advices to the manuscript, and the team from Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University whom have encouraged us in this effort. This paper would not have been issued without vigilantly work of Gideon Suharyanto and Eko Prianto, who did the layout and cover design. We thank the local district government of Jepara (Pemda Kabupaten Jepara) for supporting this work. Finally, we thank the European Union Commission, CIRAD and CIFOR for their financial support.

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    Cited by:

    1. Obidzinski, Krystof & Dermawan, Ahmad & Andrianto, Agus & Komarudin, Heru & Hernawan, Dody, 2014. "The timber legality verification system and the voluntary partnership agreement (VPA) in Indonesia: Challenges for the small-scale forestry sector," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 24-32.
    2. Maryudi, Ahmad & Nawir, Ani A. & Permadi, Dwiko B. & Purwanto, Ris H. & Pratiwi, Dian & Syofi'i, Ahmad & Sumardamto, Purnomo, 2015. "Complex regulatory frameworks governing private smallholder tree plantations in Gunungkidul District, Indonesia," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1-6.

    More about this item


    Indonesia; Java; furniture; timber; industrial district; production network; manufacturing cluster; flexible specialisation; SME; teak; trade; furniture; forest products industries; teak; small businesses; location of production;

    JEL classification:

    • L73 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Forest Products
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry


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