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The National Technology System Framework: Sanjaya Lall’s Contribution to Appreciative Theory


  • Mammo Muchie

    () (Tshawne University of Technology / Aalborg University)

  • Angathevar Baskaran

    (Middlesex University Business School)


Sanjaya Lall has grappled with the dilemmas of development by concentrating his life-long research on technology, international trade, manufacturing and industrial development largely but not exclusively in the developing world. He constructed taxonomy on low technology; resource based products, medium technology intensive and high tech intensive products and tried to measure the challenges, opportunities and difficulties for resource based producers like the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to enter into medium and high technology intensive manufactures. The rich empirical work undertaken on the developing economies, South East Asia and others has led him to formulate the appreciative concept of National Technology System (NTS). In this paper we distinguish between the development and relationship between formal and appreciative theories in general and the NTS and national system of innovation (NSI) concepts in particular. We shall attempt to examine, compare and contrast broadly Sanjay Lall’s appreciative NTS concept in relation to the national innovation system approach in the context of the debate for generating the appropriate and relevant heuristics to get clearer comprehension of the dynamics and processes involved in both technology acquisition and efficiency for economic competitiveness and development.(Please Puchase For Further Reading)

Suggested Citation

  • Mammo Muchie & Angathevar Baskaran, 2009. "The National Technology System Framework: Sanjaya Lall’s Contribution to Appreciative Theory," Institutions and Economies (formerly known as International Journal of Institutions and Economies), Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, vol. 1(1), pages 134-155, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:umk:journl:v:1:y:2009:i:1:p:134-155

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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Arturo Rosado & Germán Castaño Duque, 2015. "Revisión del estado del arte de la Relación entre educación y desarrollo económico," Revista de Economía del Caribe 014788, Universidad del Norte.
    2. María Alejandra Molina, 2011. "A Sectoral System of Innovation Analysis of Technological Upgrading in the Food Processing Sector in Argentina, Brazil and Chile," Institutions and Economies (formerly known as International Journal of Institutions and Economies), Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, vol. 3(2), pages 287-325, July.

    More about this item


    National technology system; triple helix; formal theory; appreciative theory;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • B15 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary; Modern Monetary Theory;
    • D02 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact


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