Welfare and the Family: The Canadian Experience
Canada has a universal social assistance program that is almost completely administered through the federal Canada Assistance Program. However, provinces determine the levels of assistance for various groups eligible for welfare. This article exploits the variation in payments and uses microdata to estimate the effect of changes in welfare benefits on welfare participation, single parenthood, births out of wedlock, divorce, and labor-force participation among low-income women. In Canada, it would appear that welfare benefits influence these decisions. Copyright 1993 by University of Chicago Press.