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Financial Integration, Macroeconomic Volatility, and Welfare

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  • Martin D. Evans
  • Viktoria V. Hnatkovska

Abstract

This paper studies the effects of financial integration on macroeconomic volatility and welfare. We examine a two-sector(tradable and nontradable), two-country world economy with production in which both stocks and bonds are traded internationally, but markets are incomplete. The effects of integration are examined by comparing the equilibrium properties of the model under three financial configurations: autarky, low integration, and high integration. The model predicts a non-monotonic relationship between the degree of financial integration and the volatility of several macroeconomic variables. Greater integration is initially associated with more volatile consumption and output, but as integration proceeds further volatility declines. We also find that although increasedintegration allows for significantly greater risk sharing between countries, the improvement in welfare can be very small. (JEL: D52,E20, F41) (c) 2007 by the European Economic Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin D. Evans & Viktoria V. Hnatkovska, 2007. "Financial Integration, Macroeconomic Volatility, and Welfare," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(2-3), pages 500-508, 04-05.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:jeurec:v:5:y:2007:i:2-3:p:500-508
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Baxter, Marianne & Crucini, Mario J, 1995. "Business Cycles and the Asset Structure of Foreign Trade," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 36(4), pages 821-854, November.
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    3. Leblebicioglu, AslI, 2009. "Financial integration, credit market imperfections and consumption smoothing," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 377-393, February.
    4. Evans, Martin D.D. & Hnatkovska, Viktoria V., 2014. "International capital flows, returns and world financial integration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 14-33.
    5. Heathcote, Jonathan & Perri, Fabrizio, 2002. "Financial autarky and international business cycles," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 601-627, April.
    6. Baxter, Marianne & Jermann, Urban J. & King, Robert G., 1998. "Nontraded goods, nontraded factors, and international non-diversification," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 211-229, April.
    7. Tesar, Linda L., 1993. "International risk-sharing and non-traded goods," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1-2), pages 69-89, August.
    8. Buch, Claudia M. & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2005. "The integration of imperfect financial markets: Implications for business cycle volatility," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 27(7), pages 789-804, October.
    9. Sutherland, Alan, 1996. " Financial Market Integration and Macroeconomic Volatility," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(4), pages 521-539, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luigi Bonatti & Andrea Fracasso, 2009. "The evolution of the Sino-American Co-dependency: modelling a regime switch in a growth setting," Department of Economics Working Papers 0905, Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia.
    2. Christev, Atanas & Melitz, Jacques, 2010. "EMU, EU, capital market integration and consumption smoothing," CEPR Discussion Papers 7776, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Balcilar, Mehmet & Kutan, Ali M. & Yaya, Mehmet E., 2017. "Financial integration in small Islands: The case of Cyprus," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 201-219.
    4. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/c8dmi8nm4pdjkuc9g81p7j6b6 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Atanas Christev & Jacques Melitz, 2013. "EMU, EU, Market Integration and Consumption Smoothing," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(5), pages 789-818, November.
    6. Nicolas Coeurdacier & Hélène Rey, 2013. "Home Bias in Open Economy Financial Macroeconomics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 51(1), pages 63-115, March.
    7. Tille, Cédric & van Wincoop, Eric, 2010. "International capital flows," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 157-175, March.
    8. Mirdala, Rajmund & Svrčeková, Aneta & Semančíková, Jozefína, 2015. "On the Relationship between Financial Integration, Financial Liberalization and Macroeconomic Volatility," MPRA Paper 66143, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Jappelli, Tullio & Pagano, Marco, 2008. "Financial market integration under EMU," CFS Working Paper Series 2008/33, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    10. Mirdala, Rajmund & Svrčeková, Aneta, 2014. "Financial Integration, Volatility of Financial Flows and Macroeconomic Volatility," MPRA Paper 61845, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Marcin Wolski, 2016. "Welfare-theoretic Optimal Policies in a New-Keynesian Economy with Heterogeneous Regions: Any Role for Financial Integration?," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(3), pages 742-761, May.
    12. Evans, Martin D.D. & Hnatkovska, Viktoria V., 2014. "International capital flows, returns and world financial integration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 14-33.
    13. Islamaj Ergys, 2014. "Industrial specialization, financial integration and international consumption risk sharing," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 14(1), pages 1-33, January.
    14. Marta Arespa, 2015. "Macroeconomic Volatility And International Integration," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(4), pages 393-410, October.
    15. Pariwat Kanithasen & Vacharakoon Jivakanont & Charnon Boonnuch, 2011. "AEC 2015: Ambitions, Expectations and Challenges ASEAN's Path towards Greater Economic and Financial Integration," Working Papers 2011-03, Monetary Policy Group, Bank of Thailand.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D52 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Incomplete Markets
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions

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