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Lessons for China from Financial Liberalization in Scandinavia

Author

Listed:
  • Hongyi Chen

    (Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research 55/F, Two International Finance Centre 8 Finance Street Central, Hong Kong)

  • Lars Jonung

    () (Knut Wicksell Centre for Financial Studies Lund University Box 7080 220 07 Lund, Sweden)

  • Olaf Unteroberdoerster

    (International Monetary Fund 700 19th Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20431, United States)

Abstract

This report identifies a set of policy lessons for China today drawn from the experience of financial deregulation, financial crisis, and recovery in Scandinavia during the period 1985–2000. Although there are considerable differences between the huge Chinese economy and the small Nordic countries, there are enough similarities to make lesson-drawing a worthwhile exercise. Based on the Scandinavian experience and the added complexity of China's status as a transition economy, financial reforms should strike a proper balance between being gradual (to avoid costly mistakes) and substantive (to secure efficiency gains in the longer term) with due consideration being given to initial conditions concerning regulation, taxes, and exchange rate arrangements. A well-managed process of financial deregulation requires that policymakers and market participants fully understand the linkages between financial reforms and the rest of the economy. In addition, the supervisory and management systems in the financial sector should move in step with the liberalization process. © 2014 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Suggested Citation

  • Hongyi Chen & Lars Jonung & Olaf Unteroberdoerster, 2014. "Lessons for China from Financial Liberalization in Scandinavia," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 13(1), pages 1-44, Winter.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:asiaec:v:13:y:2014:i:1:p:1-44
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yu-Wei Hu, 2010. "Management of China's foreign exchange reserves: a case study on the state administration of foreign," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 421, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    2. Jonung, Lars, 2009. "Financial Crisis and Crisis Management in Sweden. Lessons for Today," ADBI Working Papers 165, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    3. Funke, Michael & Paetz, Michael, 2012. "Financial system reforms and China's monetary policy framework : A DSGE-based assessment of initiatives and proposals," BOFIT Discussion Papers 30/2012, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    4. Vivek Arora & Karl Habermeier & Jonathan D. Ostry & Rhoda Weeks-Brown, 2013. "La liberalización y el manejo de los flujos de capital: una visión institucional," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 15(28), pages 205-255, January-J.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial liberalization; financial crisis; transition; financial regulation; banking; boom-bust; China; Scandinavia; the Nordics;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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